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Section 45 - Partial failure of consideration not consisting of money, Section 45A - Holder's right to duplicate of lost bill : Negotiable Instruments Act 1881

 

 

What is Partial failure of consideration not consisting of money? What is Holder's right to duplicate of lost bill? Partial failure of consideration not consisting of money and Holder's right to duplicate of lost bill are defined under Section 45 and 45A of Negotiable Instruments Act 1881

Section 45 of Negotiable Instruments Act 1881: "Partial failure of consideration not consisting of money"

Where a part of the consideration for which a person signed a promissory note, bill of exchange or cheque, though not consisting of money, is uncertainable in money without collateral enquiry, and there has been a failure of that part, the sum which a holder standing in immediate relation with such signer is entitled to receive from him is proportionally reduced.

 

Section 45A of Negotiable Instruments Act 1881: "Partial failure of consideration not consisting of money Holder's right to duplicate of lost bill"

Where a bill of exchange has been lost before it is overdue, the person who was the holder of it may apply to the drawer to give him another bill of the same tenor, giving security to the drawer, if required, to indemnify him against all persons whatever in case the bill alleged to have been lost shall be found again.

If the drawer on request as aforesaid refuses to give such duplicate bill, he may be compelled to do so

 

Negotiable Instruments Act 1881

Section 41 - Acceptor bound, although, indorsement forged

Section 42 - Acceptance of bill drawn in fictitious name

Section 43 - Negotiable instrument made, etc., without consideration

Section 44 - Partial absence or failure of money-consideration

Section 45 - Partial failure of consideration not consisting of money

Section 45A - Holder's right to duplicate of lost bill

 

 

CHAPTER IV
OF NEGOTIATION

Section 46 - Delivery

Section 47 - Negotiation by delivery

Section - 48 Negotiation by indorsement

Section 49 - Conversion of indorsement in blank into indorsement in full

Section 50 - Effect of indorsement

 

 

Section 51 - Who may negotiate

Section 52 -Indorser who excludes his own liability or makes it conditional

Section 53 - Holder deriving title from holder in due course

Section 54 - Instrument indorsed in blank

Section 55 - Conversion of indorsement in blank into indorsement in full

Section 56 - Indorsement for part of sum due

 

 

Section 57 - Legal representative cannot by delivery only negotiate instrument indorsed by deceased

Section 58 - Instrument obtained by unlawful means or for unlawful consideration

Section 59 - Instrument acquired after dishonour or when overdue

Section 60 - Instrument negotiable till payment or satisfaction

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