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What is the meaning Recovery by suit or under other law not affected? What is Interest for defaults in furnishing return of income? Section 232 and 234A of Income Tax Act 1961

Recovery by suit or under other law not affected and Interest for defaults in furnishing return of income are defined under section 232 and 234A of Income Tax Act 1961. Provisions under these Sections are :

Section 232 of Income Tax Act "Recovery by suit or under other law not affected"

Section 232. The several modes of recovery specified in this Chapter shall not affect in any way-

(a) any other law for the time being in force relating to the recovery of debts due to Government; or

(b) the right of the Government to institute a suit for the recovery of the arrears due from the assessee;
and it shall be lawful for the Assessing Officer or the Government, as the case may be, to have recourse to any such law or suit, notwithstanding that the tax due is being recovered from the assessee by any mode specified in this Chapter.

 

Section 234A of Income Tax Act "Interest for defaults in furnishing return of income"

Section 234A. (1) Where the return of income for any assessment year under sub-section (1) or sub-section (4) of section 139, or in response to a notice under sub-section (1) of section 142, is furnished after the due date, or is not furnished, the assessee shall be liable to pay simple interest at the rate of one per cent for every month or part of a month comprised in the period commencing on the date immediately following the due date, and,-

(a) where the return is furnished after the due date, ending on the date of furnishing of the return; or

(b) where no return has been furnished, ending on the date of completion of the assessment under section 144,

on the amount of the tax on the total income as determined under sub-section (1) of section 143, and where a regular assessment is made, on the amount of the tax on the total income determined under regular assessment, as reduced by the amount of,-

(i) advance tax, if any, paid;

(ii) any tax deducted or collected at source;

(iii) any relief of tax allowed under section 90 on account of tax paid in a country outside India;

(iv) any relief of tax allowed under section 90A on account of tax paid in a specified territory outside India referred to in that section;

(v) any deduction, from the Indian income-tax payable, allowed under section 91, on account of tax paid in a country outside India; and

(vi) any tax credit allowed to be set off in accordance with the provisions of section 115JAA or section 115JD.

Explanation 1.-In this section, "due date" means the date specified in sub-section (1) of section 139 as applicable in the case of the assessee.

Explanation 2.-In this sub-section, "tax on the total income as determined under sub-section (1) of section 143" shall not include the additional income-tax, if any, payable under section 143.
Explanation 3.-Where, in relation to an assessment year, an assessment is made for the first time under section 147 or section 153A, the assessment so made shall be regarded as a regular assessment for the purposes of this section.
Explanation 4.-

(2) The interest payable under sub-section (1) shall be reduced by the interest, if any, paid under section 140A towards the interest chargeable under this section.

(3) Where the return of income for any assessment year, required by a notice under section 148 or section 153A issued after the determination of income under sub-section (1) of section 143 or after the completion of an assessment under sub-section (3) of section 143 or section 144 or section 147, is furnished after the expiry of the time allowed under such notice, or is not furnished, the assessee shall be liable to pay simple interest at the rate of one per cent for every month or part of a month comprised in the period commencing on the day immediately following the expiry of the time allowed as aforesaid, and,-

(a) where the return is furnished after the expiry of the time aforesaid, ending on the date of furnishing the return; or

(b) where no return has been furnished, ending on the date of completion of the reassessment or recomputation under section 147 or reassessment under section 153A, on the amount by which the tax on the total income determined on the basis of such reassessment or recomputation exceeds the tax on the total income determined under sub-section (1) of section 143 or on the basis of the earlier assessment aforesaid.
Explanation.-

(4) Where as a result of an order under section 154 or section 155 or section 250 or section 254 or section 260 or section 262 or section 263 or section 264 or an order of the Settlement Commission under sub-section (4) of section 245D, the amount of tax on which interest was payable under sub-section (1) or sub-section (3) of this section has been increased or reduced, as the case may be, the interest shall be increased or reduced accordingly, and-

(i) in a case where the interest is increased, the Assessing Officer shall serve on the assessee a notice of demand in the prescribed form specifying the sum payable, and such notice of demand shall be deemed to be a notice under section 156 and the provisions of this Act shall apply accordingly;

(ii) in a case where the interest is reduced, the excess interest paid, if any, shall be refunded.

(5) The provisions of this section shall apply in respect of assessments for the assessment year commencing on the 1st day of April, 1989 and subsequent assessment years.

Income Tax Act 1961

What is the meaning Recovery by suit or under other law not affected? What is Interest for defaults in furnishing return of income? Section 232 and 234A of Income Tax Act 1961

What is Interest for defaults in payment of advance tax? What is Interest for deferment of advance tax? Section 234B and 234C of Income Tax Act 1961

What is Interest on excess refund? What is Fee for default in furnishing statements? Section 234D and 234E of Income Tax Act 1961

What is Relief to company in respect of dividend paid out of past taxed profits? What is Relief to certain charitable institutions or funds in respect of certain dividends? Section 236 and 236A of Income Tax Act 1961

What are Refunds? Who is Person entitled to claim refund in certain special cases? What is Form of claim for refund and limitation? Section 237, 238 and 239 of Income Tax Act 1961

What Refund on appeal, etc? What is the meaning of Correctness of assessment not to be questioned? What is Interest on delayed refunds? Section 240, 242 and 243 of Income Tax Act 1961

What is Interest on refund where no claim is needed? What is Interest on refunds? Section 244 and 244A of Income Tax Act 1961

What is Set off of refunds against tax remaining payable? What are Definitions in settlement of cases? Section 245 and 245A of Income Tax Act 1961

What is Income-tax Settlement Commission? What is Jurisdiction and powers of Settlement Commission? Section 245B and 245BA of Income Tax Act 1961

What is the meaning Vice-Chairman to act as Chairman or to discharge his functions in certain circumstances? What is the Power of Chairman to transfer cases from one Bench to another? Section 245BB and 245BC of Income Tax Act 1961

What is the meaning Decision to be by majority? How to proceed Application for settlement of cases? Section 245BD and 245C of Income Tax Act 1961

What is Procedure on receipt of an application under section 245C? What is Power of Settlement Commission to order provisional attachment to protect revenue? Section 245D and 245DD of Income Tax Act 1961

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