Section 161 of Income Tax Act "Liability of representative assessee"
Section 161. (1) Every representative assessee, as regards the income in respect of which he is a representative assessee, shall be subject to the same duties, responsibilities and liabilities as if the income were income received by or accruing to or in favour of him beneficially, and shall be liable to assessment in his own name in respect of that income; but any such assessment shall be deemed to be made upon him in his representative capacity only, and the tax shall, subject to the other provisions contained in this Chapter, be levied upon and recovered from him in like manner and to the same extent as it would be leviable upon and recoverable from the person represented by him.
(1A) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), where any income in respect of which the person mentioned in clause (iv) of sub-section (1) of section 160 is liable as representative assessee consists of, or includes, profits and gains of business, tax shall be charged on the whole of the income in respect of which such person is so liable at the maximum marginal rate :
Provided that the provisions of this sub-section shall not apply where such profits and gains are receivable under a trust declared by any person by will exclusively for the benefit of any relative dependent on him for support and maintenance, and such trust is the only trust so declared by him.
(2) Where any person is, in respect of any income, assessable under this Chapter in the capacity of a representative assessee, he shall not, in respect of that income, be assessed under any other provision of this Act.
Section 162 of Income Tax Act "Right of representative assessee to recover tax paid"
Section 162. (1) Every representative assessee who, as such, pays any sum under this Act, shall be entitled to recover the sum so paid from the person on whose behalf it is paid, or to retain out of any moneys that may be in his possession or may come to him in his representative capacity, an amount equal to the sum so paid.
(2) Any representative assessee, or any person who apprehends that he may be assessed as a representative assessee, may retain out of any money payable by him to the person on whose behalf he is liable to pay tax (hereinafter in this section referred to as the principal), a sum equal to his estimated liability under this Chapter, and in the event of any disagreement between the principal and such representative assessee or person as to the amount to be so retained, such representative assessee or person may secure from the Assessing Officer a certificate stating the amount to be so retained pending final settlement of the liability, and the certificate so obtained shall be his warrant for retaining that amount.
(3) The amount recoverable from such representative assessee or person at the time of final settlement shall not exceed the amount specified in such certificate, except to the extent to which such representative assessee or person may at such time have in his hands additional assets of the principal.
What is Charge of tax in case of oral trust? What is the case where part of trust income is chargeable? What is Direct assessment or recovery not barred? Section 164a, 165 and 166 of Income Tax Act 1961
What are Remedies against property in cases of representative assessees? What is Charge of tax in the case of a firm? What is Charge of tax where shares of members in association of persons or body of individuals unknown? Section 167, 167A and 167B of Income Tax Act 1961
What is Assessment of association of persons or body of individuals or artificial juridical person formed for a particular event or purpose? What is Assessment of persons likely to transfer property to avoid tax? Section 174A and 175 of Income Tax Act 1961
What is Company in liquidation? What is Liability of directors of private company in liquidation? What is Royalties or copyright fees for literary or artistic work? Section 178, 179 and 180 of Income Tax Act 1961