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What is Time limit for completion of assessments and reassessments? What is Assessment in case of search or requisition? Section 153 and 153A of Income Tax Act 1961

Time limit for completion of assessments and reassessments and Assessment in case of search or requisition are defined under section 153 and 153A of Income Tax Act 1961. Provisions under these Sections are :

Section 153 of Income Tax Act "Time limit for completion of assessments and reassessments"

Section 153. (1) No order of assessment shall be made under section 143 or section 144 at any time after the expiry of-
(a) two years from the end of the assessment year in which the income was first assessable ; or

(b) one year from the end of the financial year in which a return or a revised return relating to the assessment year commencing on the 1st day of April, 1988, or any earlier assessment year, is filed under sub-section (4) or sub-section (5) of section 139,
whichever is later :

Provided that in case the assessment year in which the income was first assessable is the assessment year commencing on or after the 1st day of April, 2004 but before the 1st day of April, 2010, the provisions of clause (a) shall have effect as if for the words "two years", the words "twenty-one months" had been substituted :

Provided further that in case the assessment year in which the income was first assessable is the assessment year commencing on or after the 1st day of April, 2005 but before the 1st day of April, 2009 and during the course of the proceeding for the assessment of total income, a reference under sub-section (1) of section 92CA-

(i) was made before the 1st day of June, 2007 but an order under sub-section (3) of that section has not been made before such date; or
(ii) is made on or after the 1st day of June, 2007,

the provisions of clause (a) shall, notwithstanding anything contained in the first proviso, have effect as if for the words "two years", the words "thirty-three months" had been substituted:

 

Provided also that in case the assessment year in which the income was first assessable is the assessment year commencing on the 1st day of April, 2009 or any subsequent assessment year and during the course of the proceeding for the assessment of total income, a reference under sub-section (1) of section 92CA is made, the provisions of clause (a) shall, notwithstanding anything contained in the first proviso, have effect as if for the words "two years", the words "three years" had been substituted.]
(1A) No order of assessment shall be made under section 115WE or section 115WF at any time after the expiry of twenty-one months from the end of the assessment year in which the fringe benefits were first assessable.
(1B) No order of assessment or reassessment shall be made under section 115WG after the expiry of nine months from the end of the financial year in which the notice under section 115WH was served.
(2) No order of assessment, reassessment or recomputation shall be made under section 147 after the expiry of one year from the end of the financial year in which the notice under section 148 was served :
Provided that where the notice under section 148 was served on or after the 1st day of April, 1999 but before the 1st day of April, 2000, such assessment, reassessment or recomputation may be made at any time up to the 31st day of March, 2002 :
Provided further that where the notice under section 148 was served on or after the 1st day of April, 2005 but before the 1st day of April, 2011, the provisions of this sub-section shall have effect as if for the words "one year", the words "nine months" had been substituted :
Provided also that where the notice under section 148 was served on or after the 1st day of April, 2006 but before the 1st day of April, 2010 and during the course of the proceedings for the assessment or reassessment or recomputation of total income, a reference under sub-section (1) of section 92CA-
(i) was made before the 1st day of June, 2007 but an order under sub-section (3) of that section has not been made before such date; or
(ii) is made on or after the 1st day of June, 2007,
the provisions of this sub-section shall, notwithstanding anything contained in the second proviso, have effect as if for the words "one year", the words "twenty-one months" had been substituted:
97[Provided also that where the notice under section 148 was served on or after the 1st day of April, 2010 and during the course of the proceeding for the assessment or reassessment or recomputation of total income, a reference under sub-section (1) of section 92CA is made, the provisions of this sub-section shall, notwithstanding anything contained in the second proviso, have effect as if for the words "one year", the words "two years" had been substituted.]
(2A) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-sections (1), (1A), (1B) and (2), in relation to the assessment year commencing on the 1st day of April, 1971, and any subsequent assessment year, an order of fresh assessment in pursuance of an order under section 250 or section 254 or section 263 or section 264, setting aside or cancelling an assessment, may be made at any time before the expiry of one year from the end of the financial year in which the order under section 250 or section 254 is received by the 98[Principal Chief Commissioner or] Chief Commissioner or 98[Principal Commissioner or] Commissioner or, as the case may be, the order under section 263 or section 264 is passed by the 98[Principal Chief Commissioner or] Chief Commissioner or 98[Principal Commissioner or] Commissioner:
Provided that where the order under section 250 or section 254 is received by the 98[Principal Chief Commissioner or] Chief Commissioner or 98[Principal Commissioner or] Commissioner or, as the case may be, the order under section 263 or section 264 is passed by the 98[Principal Chief Commissioner or] Chief Commissioner or 98[Principal Commissioner or] Commissioner, on or after the 1st day of April, 1999 but before the 1st day of April, 2000, such an order of fresh assessment may be made at any time up to the 31st day of March, 2002 :
98[Provided further that where the order under section 254 is received by the 98[Principal Chief Commissioner or] Chief Commissioner or 98[Principal Commissioner or] Commissioner or, as the case may be, the order under section 263 or section 264 is passed by the 98[Principal Commissioner or] Commissioner on or after the 1st day of April, 2005 but before the 1st day of April, 2011, the provisions of this sub-section shall have effect as if for the words "one year", the words "nine months" had been substituted:
Provided also that where the order under section 254 is received by the 98[Principal Chief Commissioner or] Chief Commissioner or 98[Principal Commissioner or] Commissioner or, as the case may be, the order under section 263 or section 264 is passed by the 99[Principal Commissioner or] Commissioner on or after the 1st day of April, 2006 but before the 1st day of April, 2010, and during the course of the proceedings for the fresh assessment of total income, a reference under sub-section (1) of section 92CA-
(i) was made before the 1st day of June, 2007 but an order under sub-section (3) of section 92CA has not been made before such date; or
(ii) is made on or after the 1st day of June, 2007,
the provisions of this sub-section shall, notwithstanding anything contained in the second proviso, have effect as if for the words "one year", the words "twenty-one months" had been substituted:
1[Provided also that where the order under section 254 is received by the 99[Principal Chief Commissioner or] Chief Commissioner or 99[Principal Commissioner or] Commissioner or, as the case may be, the order under section 263 or section 264 is passed by the 99[Principal Commissioner or] Commissioner on or after the 1st day of April, 2010, and during the course of the proceeding for the fresh assessment of total income, a reference under sub-section (1) of section 92CA is made, the provisions of this sub-section shall, notwithstanding anything contained in the second proviso, have effect as if for the words "one year", the words "two years" had been substituted.]
(3) The provisions of sub-sections (1), (1A), (1B) and (2) shall not apply to the following classes of assessments, reassessments and recomputations which may, subject to the provisions of sub-section (2A), be completed at any time-
(i) [***]
(ii) where the assessment, reassessment or recomputation is made on the assessee or any person in consequence of or to give effect to any finding or direction contained in an order under section 250, 254, 260, 262, 263, or 264 or in an order of any court in a proceeding otherwise than by way of appeal or reference under this Act ;
(iii) where, in the case of a firm, an assessment is made on a partner of the firm in consequence of an assessment made on the firm under section 147.
(4) Notwithstanding anything contained in the foregoing provisions of this section, sub-section (2) of section 153A and sub-section (1) of section 153B, the order of assessment or reassessment, relating to any assessment year, which stands revived under sub-section (2) of section 153A, shall be made within one year from the end of the month of such revival or within the period specified in this section or sub-section (1) of section 153B, whichever is later.
Explanation 1.-In computing the period of limitation for the purposes of this section-
(i) the time taken in reopening the whole or any part of the proceeding or in giving an opportunity to the assessee to be re-heard under the proviso to section 129, or
(ii) the period during which the assessment proceeding is stayed by an order or injunction of any court, or
(iia) the period commencing from the date on which the Assessing Officer intimates the Central Government or the prescribed authority, the contravention of the provisions of clause (21) or clause (22B) or clause (23A) or clause (23B) or sub-clause (iv) or sub-clause (v) or sub-clause (vi) or sub-clause (via) of clause (23C) of section 10, under clause (i) of the proviso to sub-section (3) of section 143 and ending with the date on which the copy of the order withdrawing the approval or rescinding the notification, as the case may be, under those clauses is received by the Assessing Officer, or*
2[(iii) the period commencing from the date on which the Assessing Officer directs the assessee to get his accounts audited under sub-section (2A) of section 142 and-
(a) ending with the last date on which the assessee is required to furnish a report of such audit under that sub-section; or
(b) where such direction is challenged before a court, ending with the date on which the order setting aside such direction is received by the 3[Principal Commissioner or] Commissioner, or]
(iv) the period commencing from the date on which the Assessing Officer makes a reference to the Valuation Officer under sub-section (1) of section 142A and ending with the date on which the report of the Valuation Officer is received by the Assessing Officer, or
(iva) the period (not exceeding sixty days) commencing from the date on which the Assessing Officer received the declaration under sub-section (1) of section 158A and ending with the date on which the order under sub-section (3) of that section is made by him, or
(v) in a case where an application made before the Income-tax Settlement Commission under section 245C is rejected by it or is not allowed to be proceeded with by it, the period commencing from the date on which such application is made and ending with the date on which the order under sub-section (1) of section 245D is received by the 4[Principal Commissioner or] Commissioner under sub-section (2) of that section, or
(vi) the period commencing from the date on which an application is made before the Authority for Advance Rulings under sub-section (1) of section 245Q and ending with the date on which the order rejecting the application is received by the 4[Principal Commissioner or] Commissioner under sub-section (3) of section 245R, or
(vii) the period commencing from the date on which an application is made before the Authority for Advance Rulings under sub-section (1) of section 245Q and ending with the date on which the advance ruling pronounced by it is received by the 4[Principal Commissioner or] Commissioner under sub-section (7) of section 245R, or
5[(viii) the period commencing from the date on which a reference or first of the references for exchange of information is made by an authority competent under an agreement referred to in section 90 or section 90A and ending with the date on which the information requested is last received by the 4[Principal Commissioner or] Commissioner or a period of one year, whichever is less,] 6[or]
(ix) -
Following clause (ix) shall be inserted after clause (viii) in Explanation 1 to section 153 by the Finance Act, 2013, w.e.f. 1-4-2016 :
(ix) the period commencing from the date on which a reference for declaration of an arrangement to be an impermissible avoidance arrangement is received by the 7a[Principal Commissioner or] Commissioner under sub-section (1) of section 144BA and ending on the date on which a direction under sub-section (3) or sub-section (6) or an order under sub-section (5) of the said section is received by the Assessing Officer,
shall be excluded :
Provided that where immediately after the exclusion of the aforesaid time or period, the period of limitation referred to in sub-sections (1), (1A), (1B), (2), (2A) and (4) available to the Assessing Officer for making an order of assessment, reassessment or recomputation, as the case may be, is less than sixty days, such remaining period shall be extended to sixty days and the aforesaid period of limitation shall be deemed to be extended accordingly:
Provided further that where a proceeding before the Settlement Commission abates under section 245HA, the period of limitation available under this section to the Assessing Officer for making an order of assessment, reassessment or re-computation, as the case may be, shall, after the exclusion of the period under sub-section (4) of section 245HA, be not less than one year; and where such period of limitation is less than one year, it shall be deemed to have been extended to one year; and for the purposes of determining the period of limitation under sections 149, 153B, 154, 155, 158BE and 231 and for the purposes of payment of interest under section 243 or section 244 or, as the case may be, section 244A, this proviso shall also apply accordingly.
Explanation 2.-Where, by an order referred to in clause (ii) of sub-section (3), any income is excluded from the total income of the assessee for an assessment year, then, an assessment of such income for another assessment year shall, for the purposes of section 150 and this section, be deemed to be one made in consequence of or to give effect to any finding or direction contained in the said order.
Explanation 3.-Where, by an order referred to in clause (ii) of sub-section (3), any income is excluded from the total income of one person and held to be the income of another person, then, an assessment of such income on such other person shall, for the purposes of section 150 and this section, be deemed to be one made in consequence of or to give effect to any finding or direction contained in the said order, provided such other person was given an opportunity of being heard before the said order was passed.

Section 153A of Income Tax Act "Assessment in case of search or requisition"

153A. (1)] Notwithstanding anything contained in section 139, section 147, section 148, section 149, section 151 and section 153, in the case of a person where a search is initiated under section 132 or books of account, other documents or any assets are requisitioned under section 132A after the 31st day of May, 2003, the Assessing Officer shall-
(a) issue notice to such person requiring him to furnish within such period, as may be specified in the notice, the return of income in respect of each assessment year falling within six assessment years referred to in clause (b), in the prescribed form and verified in the prescribed manner and setting forth such other particulars as may be prescribed and the provisions of this Act shall, so far as may be, apply accordingly as if such return were a return required to be furnished under section 139;
(b) assess or reassess the total income of six assessment years immediately preceding the assessment year relevant to the previous year in which such search is conducted or requisition is made :
Provided that the Assessing Officer shall assess or reassess the total income in respect of each assessment year falling within such six assessment years:
Provided further that assessment or reassessment, if any, relating to any assessment year falling within the period of six assessment years referred to in this sub-section pending on the date of initiation of the search under section 132 or making of requisition under section 132A, as the case may be, shall abate :
Provided also that the Central Government may by rules8 made by it and published in the Official Gazette (except in cases where any assessment or reassessment has abated under the second proviso), specify the class or classes of cases in which the Assessing Officer shall not be required to issue notice for assessing or reassessing the total income for six assessment years immediately preceding the assessment year relevant to the previous year in which search is conducted or requisition is made.
(2) If any proceeding initiated or any order of assessment or reassessment made under sub-section (1) has been annulled in appeal or any other legal proceeding, then, notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1) or section 153, the assessment or reassessment relating to any assessment year which has abated under the second proviso to sub-section (1), shall stand revived with effect from the date of receipt of the order of such annulment by the 9[Principal Commissioner or Commissioner:
Provided that such revival shall cease to have effect, if such order of annulment is set aside.
Explanation.-For the removal of doubts, it is hereby declared that,-
(i) save as otherwise provided in this section, section 153B and section 153C, all other provisions of this Act shall apply to the assessment made under this section;
(ii) in an assessment or reassessment made in respect of an assessment year under this section, the tax shall be chargeable at the rate or rates as applicable to such assessment year.

   
 

Income Tax Act 1961

What is Sanction for issue of notice? What is Other provisions? Section 151 and 152 of Income Tax Act 1961

What is Time limit for completion of assessments and reassessments? What is Assessment in case of search or requisition? Section 153 and 153A of Income Tax Act 1961

What is Time-limit for completion of assessment under section 153A? What is Assessment of income of any other person? Section 153B and 153C of Income Tax Act 1961

What is the meaning of Prior approval necessary for assessment in cases of search or requisition? What is Rectification of mistake? Section 153D and 154 of Income Tax Act 1961

What are other amendments? What is Notice of demand? Section 155 and 156 of Income Tax Act 1961

What is Intimation of loss? What is Intimation of assessment of firm? Section 157 and 158 of Income Tax Act 1961

What is Procedure when assessee claims identical question of law is pending before High Court or Supreme Court? Section 158A of Income Tax Act 1961

What is Procedure when in an appeal by revenue an identical question of law is pending before Supreme Court? Section 158AA of Income Tax Act 1961

What is search cases Definitions? What is Assessment of undisclosed income as a result of search? Section 158B and 158BA of Income Tax Act 1961

What is Computation of undisclosed income of the block period? What is the Procedure for block assessment? Section 158BB and 158BC of Income Tax Act 1961

What is Undisclosed income of any other person? What is Time limit for completion of block assessment? Section 158BD and 158BE of Income Tax Act 1961

What is the meaning of Certain interests and penalties not to be levied or imposed? What is Levy of interest and penalty in certain cases? Section 158BF and 158BFA of Income Tax Act 1961

What is the Authority competent to make the block assessment? What is Application of other provisions of this Act? What is the Chapter not to apply after certain date? Section 158BG, 158BH and 158BI of Income Tax Act 1961

What are Legal representatives? Who is Representative assessee? Section 159 and 160 of Income Tax Act 1961

 

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