What is Method of accounting? What is Method of Accounting in certain cases? Section 145 and 145A of Income Tax Act 1961

Method of accounting and Method of Accounting in Certain cases are defined under section 145 and 145A of Income Tax Act 1961. Provisions under these Sections are :

Section 145 of Income Tax Act "Method of accounting"

Section 145. (1) Income chargeable under the head "Profits and gains of business or profession" or "Income from other sources" shall, subject to the provisions of sub-section (2), be computed in accordance with either cash or mercantile system of accounting regularly employed by the assessee.

(2) The Central Government may notify in the Official Gazette from time to time 93[income computation and disclosure standards] to be followed by any class of assessees or in respect of any class of income.

 

(3) Where the Assessing Officer is not satisfied about the correctness or completeness of the accounts of the assessee, or where the method of accounting provided in sub-section (1) 94[has not been regularly followed by the assessee, or income has not been computed in accordance with the standards notified under sub-section (2)], the Assessing Officer may make an assessment in the manner provided in section 144.

 

Section 145 of Income Tax Act "Method of accounting in certain cases"

Section 145A. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in section 145,-
(a) the valuation of purchase and sale of goods and inventory for the purposes of determining the income chargeable under the head "Profits and gains of business or profession" shall be-
(i) in accordance with the method of accounting regularly employed by the assessee; and
(ii) further adjusted to include the amount of any tax, duty, cess or fee (by whatever name called) actually paid or incurred by the assessee to bring the goods to the place of its location and condition as on the date of valuation.
Explanation.-For the purposes of this section*, any tax, duty, cess or fee (by whatever name called) under any law for the time being in force, shall include all such payment notwithstanding any right arising as a consequence to such payment;
(b) interest received by an assessee on compensation or on enhanced compensation, as the case may be, shall be deemed to be the income of the year in which it is received.

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