Section 224 - Non-liability of employer of agent to do a criminal
act, Section 225 - Compensation to agent for injury caused by
principal's neglect: Indian Contract Act
What is Non-liability of employer of agent to do a criminal act?
What is Compensation to agent for injury caused by principal's
neglect? Section 224 and 225 of Indian Contract Act
Section 224 of Indian Contract Act 1872 : "Non-liability of
employer of agent to do a criminal act"
224. Where one person employs another to do an act which is
criminal, the employer is not liable to the agent, either upon
an express or an implied promise to indemnify him against the
consequences of that Act1.
(a) A employs B to beat C, and agrees to indemnify him against
all consequences of the act. B thereupon beats C, and has to pay
damages to C for so doing. A is not liable to indemnify B for
(b) B, the proprietor of a newspaper, publishes, at A's
request, a libel upon C in the paper, and A agrees to indemnify
B against the consequences of the publication, and all costs and
damages of any action in respect thereof. B is sued by C and has
to pay damages, and also incurs expenses. A is not liable to B
upon the indemnity.
Section 225 of Indian Contract Act 1872 : "Compensation to
agent for injury caused by principal's neglect"
225. The principal must make compensation to his agent in
respect of injury2 caused to such agent by the principal's
neglect or want of skill.
A employs B as a bricklayer in building a house, and puts up the
scaffolding himself. The scaffolding is unskillfully put up, and
B is in consequence hurt. A must make compensation to B.