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Section 224 - Non-liability of employer of agent to do a criminal act, Section 225 - Compensation to agent for injury caused by principal's neglect: Indian Contract Act 1872

 

What is Non-liability of employer of agent to do a criminal act? What is Compensation to agent for injury caused by principal's neglect? Section 224 and 225 of Indian Contract Act 1872

Section 224 of Indian Contract Act 1872 : "Non-liability of employer of agent to do a criminal act"

224. Where one person employs another to do an act which is criminal, the employer is not liable to the agent, either upon an express or an implied promise to indemnify him against the consequences of that Act1.

Illustrations
(a) A employs B to beat C, and agrees to indemnify him against all consequences of the act. B thereupon beats C, and has to pay damages to C for so doing. A is not liable to indemnify B for those damages.

(b) B, the proprietor of a newspaper, publishes, at A's request, a libel upon C in the paper, and A agrees to indemnify B against the consequences of the publication, and all costs and damages of any action in respect thereof. B is sued by C and has to pay damages, and also incurs expenses. A is not liable to B upon the indemnity.

Section 225 of Indian Contract Act 1872 : "Compensation to agent for injury caused by principal's neglect"

225. The principal must make compensation to his agent in respect of injury2 caused to such agent by the principal's neglect or want of skill.

Illustration
A employs B as a bricklayer in building a house, and puts up the scaffolding himself. The scaffolding is unskillfully put up, and B is in consequence hurt. A must make compensation to B.

 

INDIAN CONTRACT ACT 1872

Section 206 - Notice of revocation or renunciation

Section 207 - Revocation and renunciation may be expressed or implied

Section 208 - When termination of agent's authority takes effect as to agent, and as to third persons

Section 209 - Agent's duty on termination of agency by principal's death or insanity

Section 210 - Termination of sub-agent's authority

 

 

Agent's duty to Principal

Section 211 - Agent's duty in conducting principal's business

Section 212 - Skill and diligence required from agent

Section 213 - Agent's accounts

Section 214 - Agent's duty to communicate with principal

Section 215 - Right of principal when agent deals, on his own account, in business of agency without principal's consent

 

 

Section 216 - Principal's right to benefit gained by agent dealing on his own account in business of agency

Section 217 - Agent's right of retainer out of sums received on principal's account

Section 218 - Agent's duty to pay sums received for principal

Section 219 - When agent's remuneration becomes due

Section 220 - Agent not entitled to remuneration for business misconducted

 

 

Section 221 - Agent's lien on principal's property

Principal’s duty to agent

Section 222 - Agent to be indemnified against consequences of lawful acts

Section 223 - Agent to be indemnified against consequences of acts done in good faith

Section 224 - Non-liability of employer of agent to do a criminal act

Section 225 - Compensation to agent for injury caused by principal's neglect

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