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Section 200 - Ratification of unauthorized act cannot injure third person, Section 201 - Termination of agency : Indian Contract Act 1872

 

What is the meaning of Ratification of unauthorized act cannot injure third person? What is Termination of agency? Section 200 and 201 of Indian Contract Act 1872

Section 200 of Indian Contract Act 1872 : "Ratification of unauthorized act cannot injure third person"

200 . An act done by one person on behalf of another, without such other person's authority, which, if done with authority, would have the effect of subjecting a third person to damages, or of terminating any right or interest of a third person, cannot, by ratification, be made to have such effect.

Illustrations
(a) A, not being authorized thereto by B, demands, on behalf of B, the delivery of a chattel, the property of B, from C, who is in possession of it. This demand cannot be ratified by B, so as to make C liable for damages for his refusal to deliver.

(b) A holds a lease from B, terminable on three months' notice. C, an unauthorized person, gives notice of termination to A. The notice cannot be ratified by B, so as to be binding on A.

Section 201 of Indian Contract Act 1872 : "Termination of agency"

201. An agency is terminated by the principal revoking his authority; or by the agent renouncing the business of the agency; or by the business of the agency being completed; or by either the principal or agent dying or becoming of unsound mind; or by the principal being adjudicated an insolvent under the provisions of any Act for the time being in force for the relief of insolvent debtors.

 

INDIAN CONTRACT ACT 1872

Section 186 - Agent's authority may be express or implied

Section 187 - Definitions of express and implied authority

Section 188 - Extent of agent's authority

Section 189 - Agent's authority in an emergency

Section 190 - When agent cannot delegate

 

 

Sub-agents

Section 191 - Sub-agent defined

Section 192 - Representation of principal by sub-agent properly appointed

Section 193 - Agent's responsibility for sub-agent appointed without authority

Section 194 - Relation between principal and person duly appointed by agent to act in business of agency

Section 195 - Agent's duty in naming such person

 

 

Ratification

Section 196 - Right of person as to acts done for him without his authority

Section 197 - Effect of ratification Ratification may be expressed or implied

Section 198 - Knowledge requisite for valid ratification

Section 199 - Effect of ratifying unauthorized act forming part of a transaction

Section 200 - Ratification of unauthorized act cannot injure third person

 

 

Revocation of Authority

Section 201 - Termination of agency

Section 202 - Termination of agency, where agent has an interest in subject-matter

Section 203 - When principal may revoke agent's authority

Section 204 - Revocation where authority has been partly exercised

Section 205 - Compensation for revocation by principal, or renunciation by agent

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