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Section 192 - Representation of principal by sub-agent properly appointed, Section 193 - Agent's responsibility for sub-agent appointed without authority : Indian Contract Act 1872

 

What is Representation of principal by sub-agent properly appointed? What is Agent's responsibility for sub-agent appointed without authority? Section 192 and 193 of Indian Contract Act 1872

Section 192 of Indian Contract Act 1872 : "Representation of principal by sub-agent properly appointed"

192. Where a sub-agent is properly appointed, the principal is, so far as regards third person, represented by the sub-agent, and is bound by and responsible for his acts, as if he were an agent originally appointed by the principal.

Agent's responsibility for sub-agent.-The agent is responsible to the principal for the acts of the sub-agent.

Sub-agent's responsibility.-The sub-agent is responsible for his acts to the agent, but not to the principal, except in case of fraud or wilful wrong.

Section 193 of Indian Contract Act 1872 : "Agent's responsibility for sub-agent appointed without authority"

193. Where an agent, without having authority to do so, has appointed a person to act as a sub-agent, the agent stands towards such person in the relation of a principal to an agent, and is responsible for his acts both to the principal and to third persons; the principal is not represented by or responsible for the acts of the person so employed, nor is that person responsible to the principal.

 

 

INDIAN CONTRACT ACT 1872

Section 186 - Agent's authority may be express or implied

Section 187 - Definitions of express and implied authority

Section 188 - Extent of agent's authority

Section 189 - Agent's authority in an emergency

Section 190 - When agent cannot delegate

 

 

Sub-agents

Section 191 - Sub-agent defined

Section 192 - Representation of principal by sub-agent properly appointed

Section 193 - Agent's responsibility for sub-agent appointed without authority

Section 194 - Relation between principal and person duly appointed by agent to act in business of agency

Section 195 - Agent's duty in naming such person

 

 

Ratification

Section 196 - Right of person as to acts done for him without his authority

Section 197 - Effect of ratification Ratification may be expressed or implied

Section 198 - Knowledge requisite for valid ratification

Section 199 - Effect of ratifying unauthorized act forming part of a transaction

Section 200 - Ratification of unauthorized act cannot injure third person

 

 

Revocation of Authority

Section 201 - Termination of agency

Section 202 - Termination of agency, where agent has an interest in subject-matter

Section 203 - When principal may revoke agent's authority

Section 204 - Revocation where authority has been partly exercised

Section 205 - Compensation for revocation by principal, or renunciation by agent

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