What are the fundamental rights under constitution of India?

The Fundamental Rights under constitution of India are:

1. Right to Equality (Article 14 to 18)

2. Right to Freedom (Article 19 to 22)

3. Right Against Exploitation (Article 23 and 24)

4. Right to Freedom or Religion (Article 25 to 28)

5. Right to Cultural and Educational Rights (Article 29 and 30)

6. Right to Constitutional Remedies (Article 32)

Article 13 makes all laws and administrative actions which abridge fundamental rights ipso facto null and void.

 

 

Article 14

Guarantees to all, equality before law and equal protection of laws. The President and the Government are an exception to the equality mandate.

Article 15

Prohibits discrimination against any citizen on ground of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth of anyh of them. This article was amended by 93rd Amendment, 2005 for providing reservations to SCs, STs and Backward Classes in private unaided educational institutions.

Article 16

Provides for equality of opportunity in the matters of public employment.

Article 17

Abolishes un-touchability

Article 18

Abolishes titles. But it does not prevent other institutions to confer titles or honours. 

Article 19

Guarantees freedom of speech, freedom to assemble peacefully without arms, to form associations or unions, to move thought the territory of India, to reside and settle in any part of the Territory of India, to practice any profession, or to carry on any occupation, trade or business.

Article 20

Provides that no person shall be convicted for any offence except the violation of a law in force, no person shall be punished for the same offence more than once, no person shall be compelled to be a witness against himself.

Article 21

Guarantees that no person shall be deprived of his life and personal liberty except according to procedure established by law.

Article 21A

Provides for free and compulsory education of the age of six to fourteen years.

Article 22

Provides that the person shall be informed of the ground of his arrest, he shall have legal practitioner of his choice and that he must be produced before the nearest magistrate within 24 hours of his arrest.

Article 23

Prohibits traffic in human beings and forced labour.

Article 24

Prohibits employing children below age of 14 in any hazardous employment.

Article 25

Prohibits freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion, subject to public order, morality and health.

Article 26

Provides freedom to manage religious affairs.

Article 27

Gives freedom as to payment of taxes for promotion of any religious affairs.

Article 28

Prohibits religious instructions in educational institutions maintained by the State.

Article 29

States that citizens having a distinct language, script or culture shall have right to conserve the same and no citizen will be denied admission into educational institution maintained by State on the ground of religion, race, caste, language etc.

Article 30

Gives right to minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.

Article 31A, 31B,31C

Validate and save certain laws which otherwise may turnout to be violative of fundamental rights.

Article 32

Give a right to every individual to move the Supreme Court directly in case of violation of his fundamental rights.

 

Under Article 33 the Parliament can modify the application of fundamental rights to the Armed Forces or Police Forces so as to ensure proper discharge of their duties and maintenance of discipline among them.

Article 34 Provides that when martial law is in force in any part of India, Parliament may by law indemnify any person in the service of the Union or state for any act done by him in connection with maintenance or restoration of law and order in such area or validate any sentence passed or act done when martial law was in force.

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