ARTICLE 79, 80, 81 OF CONSTITUTION OF INDIA 1949

What is Constitution of Parliament? What is Composition of the Council of States? What is Composition of the House of the People? Article 79, 80 and 81 of Constitution of India, 1949

Constitution of Parliament, Composition of the Council of States and Composition of the House of the People are defined under Article 79, 80 and 81 of Constitution of India 1949. Provisions under these Articles are:

 

 

Article 79 of Constitution of India "Constitution of Parliament"

There shall be a Parliament for the Union which shall consist of the President and two Houses to be known respectively as the council of States and the House of the People.

 

Article 80 of Constitution of India "Composition of the Council of States"

(1) The Council of States shall consist of-
(a) twelve members to be nominated by the President in accordance with the provisions of clause (3);and
(b) not more than two hundred and thirty-eight representatives of the States and of the Union territories.

(2) The allocation of seats in the Council of States to be filled by representatives of the States and of the Union territories shall be in accordance with the provisions in that behalf contained in the fourth Schedule.

(3) The members to be nominated by the President under sub-clause (a) of clause (1) shall consist of persons having special knowledge or practical experience in respect of such matters as the following, namely:-

Literature, science, art and social service.

(4) The representatives of each State in the council of States shall be elected by the elected members of the Legislative Assembly of the State in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote.

(5) The representatives of the Union Territories in the council of States shall be chosen in such manner as Parliament may by law prescribe.

Article 81 of Constitution of India "Composition of the House of the People"

(1) Subject to the provisions of Article 331 the House of the People shall consist of -

(a) not more than five hundred and thirty members chosen by direct election from territorial constituencies

in the States, and

(b) not more than twenty members to represent the Union territories, chosen in such manner as parliament may by law provide.

(2) For the purposes of sub-clause (a) of clause (1)-

(a) there shall be allotted to each State a number of seats in the House of the People in such manner that the ratio between that number and the population of the State is, so far as practicable, the same for all States; and

(b) each State shall be divided into territorial constituencies in such manner that the ratio between the population of each constituency and the number of seats allotted to it is, so far as practicable, the same throughout the State:

Provided that the provisions of sub-clause (a) of this clause shall not be applicable for the purpose of allotment of seats in the House of the People to any State so long as the population of that State does not exceed six millions.

(3) In this article, the expression "population" means the population as ascertained at the last preceding census of which the relevant figures have been published: Provided that the reference in this clause to the last preceding census of which the relevant figures have been published shall, until the relevant figures for the first census taken after the year 2000 have been published, be construed as a reference to the 1971 census.

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