ARTICLE 38, 39 OF CONSTITUTION OF INDIA 1949

What is the meaning State to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people? What is the meaning Certain principles of policy to be followed by the State? Article 38 and 39 of Constitution of India, 1949

State to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people and Certain principles of policy to be followed by the State are defined under Article 38 and 39 of Constitution of India 1949. Provisions under these Articles are:

 

 

Article 38 of Constitution of India "State to secure a social order for the promotion of welfare of the people"

(1) The State shall strive to promote the welfare of the people by securing and protecting as effectively as it may a social order in which justice, social, economic and political, shall inform all the institutions of the national life.

(2) The State shall, in particular, strive to minimize the inequalities in income, and endeavor to eliminate inequalities in status, facilities and opportunities, not only amongst individuals but also amongst groups of people residing in different areas or engaged in different vocations.

Article 39 of Constitution of India "Certain principles of policy to be followed by the State"

The State shall, in particular, direct its policy towards securing-

(a) that the citizens, men and women equally, have the right to an adequate means to livelihood;

(b) that the ownership and control of the material resources of the community are so distributed as best to subserve the common good;

(c) that the operation of the economic system does not result in the concentration of wealth and means of production to the common detriment;

(d) that there is equal pay for equal work for both men and women;

(e) that the health and strength of workers, men and women, and the tender age of children are not abused and that citizens are not forced by economic necessity to enter avocations unsuited to their age or strength;

(f) that children are given opportunities and facilities to develop in a healthy manner and in conditions of freedom and dignity and that childhood and youth are protected against exploitation and against moral and material abandonment.

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