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ARTICLE 345, 346, 347 OF CONSTITUTION OF INDIA 1949

What is Official language or languages of a State? What is Official language for communication between one State and another or between a State and the Union? What is Special provision relating to language spoken by a section of the population of a State? Article 345, 346 and 347 of Constitution of India, 1949

Official language or languages of a State, Official language for communication between one State and another or between a State and the Union and Special provision relating to language spoken by a section of the population of a State are defined under Article 345, 346 and 347 of Constitution of India 1949. Provisions under these Articles are:

Article 345 of Constitution of India "Official language or languages of a State"

Subject to the provisions of Article 346 and 347, the Legislature of a State may by law adopt any one or more of the languages in use in the State or Hindi as the language or languages to be used for all or any of the official purposes of that State:

 

Provided that, until the Legislature of the State otherwise provides by law, the English language shall continue to be used for those official purposes within the State for which it was being used immediately before the commencement of this Constitution.

Article 346 of Constitution of India "Official language for communication between one State and another or between a State and the Union"

The language for the time being authorised for use in the Union for official purposes shall be the official language for communication between one State and another State and between a State and the Union:

Provided that if two or more States agree that the Hindi language should be the official language for communication between such States, that language may be used for such communication.

Article 347 of Constitution of India "Special provision relating to language spoken by a section of the population of a State"

On a demand being made in that behalf the President may, if he is satisfied that a substantial proportion of the population of a State desire the use of any language spoken by them to be recognised throughout that State or any part thereof for such purpose as he may specify.

Constitution of India 1949

What is the Official language of the Union? What is the Commission and Committee of Parliament on official language? Article 343 and 344 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is Official language or languages of a State? What is Official language for communication between one State and another or between a State and the Union? What is Special provision relating to language spoken by a section of the population of a State? Article 345, 346 and 347 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is the Language to be used in the Supreme Court and in the High Courts and for Acts, Bills, etc? What is the Special procedure for enactment of certain laws relating to language? Article 348 and 349 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is the Language to be used in representations for redress of grievances? What are the Facilities for instruction in mother-tongue at primary stage? Article 350 and 350A of Constitution of India, 1949

Who is the Special Officer for linguistic minorities? What are Directive for development of the Hindi language? Article 350B and 351 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is Proclamation of Emergency and Emergency Provisions? Article 352 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is the Effect of Proclamation of Emergency? What is Application of provisions relating to distribution of revenues while a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation? Article 353 and 354 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is the meaning Duty of the Union to protect States against external aggression and internal disturbance? What are the Provisions in case of failure of constitutional machinery in State? Article 355 and 356 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is Exercise of legislative powers under Proclamation issued under Article 356? What is Suspension of provisions of Article 19 during emergencies? Article 357 and 358 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is Suspension of the enforcement of the rights conferred by Part III during emergencies? Article 359 of Constitution of India, 1949

What are the Provisions as to financial emergency? Article 360 of Constitution of India, 1949


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