ARTICLE 343, 344 OF CONSTITUTION OF INDIA 1949
What is the Official language of the Union? What is the Commission and Committee of Parliament on official language? Article 343 and 344 of Constitution of India, 1949
Official language of the Union and Commission and Committee of Parliament on official language are defined under Article 343 and 344 of Constitution of India 1949. Provisions under these Articles are:
Article 343 of Constitution of India "Official language of the Union"
(1) The official language of the Union shall be Hindi in
Devanagari script. The form of numerals to be used for the
official purposes of the Union shall be the international
form of Indian numerals.
(3) Notwithstanding anything in this article, Parliament
may by law provide for the use, after the said period of
fifteen years, of-
Article 344 of Constitution of India "Commission and Committee of Parliament on official language"
President shall, at the expiration of five years from the
commencement of this Constitution and thereafter at the
expiration of ten years from such commencement, by order
constitute a Commission which shall consist of a Chairman
and such other members representing the different languages
specified in the English Schedule as the President may
appoint, and the order shall define the procedure to be
followed by the Commission.
What is Official language or languages of a State? What is Official language for communication between one State and another or between a State and the Union? What is Special provision relating to language spoken by a section of the population of a State? Article 345, 346 and 347 of Constitution of India, 1949
What is the Language to be used in the Supreme Court and in the High Courts and for Acts, Bills, etc? What is the Special procedure for enactment of certain laws relating to language? Article 348 and 349 of Constitution of India, 1949
What is the Language to be used in representations for redress of grievances? What are the Facilities for instruction in mother-tongue at primary stage? Article 350 and 350A of Constitution of India, 1949
What is the Effect of Proclamation of Emergency? What is Application of provisions relating to distribution of revenues while a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation? Article 353 and 354 of Constitution of India, 1949
What is the meaning Duty of the Union to protect States against external aggression and internal disturbance? What are the Provisions in case of failure of constitutional machinery in State? Article 355 and 356 of Constitution of India, 1949
What is Exercise of legislative powers under Proclamation issued under Article 356? What is Suspension of provisions of Article 19 during emergencies? Article 357 and 358 of Constitution of India, 1949