ARTICLE 339, 340 OF CONSTITUTION OF INDIA 1949

What is Control of the Union over the administration of Scheduled Areas and the welfare of Scheduled Tribes? What is the meaning of Appointment of a Commission to investigate the conditions of backward classes? Article 339 and 340 of Constitution of India, 1949

Control of the Union over the administration of Scheduled Areas and the welfare of Scheduled Tribes and Appointment of a Commission to investigate the conditions of backward classes are defined under Article 339 and 340 of Constitution of India 1949. Provisions under these Articles are:

 

 

Article 339 of Constitution of India "Control of the Union over the administration of Scheduled Areas and the welfare of Scheduled Tribes"

(1) The President may at any time and shall, at the expiration of ten years from the commencement of this Constitution by order appoint a Commission to report on the administration of the Scheduled Areas and the welfare of this Scheduled Tribes in the States. The order may define the composition, powers and procedure of the Commission and may contain such incidental or ancillary provisions as the President may consider necessary or desirable.

(2) The executive power of the Union shall extend to the giving of directions to a State as to the drawing up and execution of schemes specified in the direction to be essential for the welfare of the Scheduled Tribes in the State.

Article 340 of Constitution of India "Appointment of a Commission to investigate the conditions of backward classes"

(1) The President may by order appoint a Commission consisting of such persons as he thinks fit to investigate the conditions of socially and educationally backward classes within the territory of India and the difficulties under which they labour and to make recommendations as to the steps that should be taken by the Union or any State to remove such difficulties and to improve their condition and as to the grants that should be made for the purpose by the Union or any State the conditions subject to which such grants should be made, and the order appointing such Commission shall define the procedure to be followed by the Commission.

(2) A Commission so appointed shall investigate the matters referred to them and present to the President a report setting out the facts as found by them and making such recommendations as they think proper.

(3) The President shall cause a copy of the report so presented together with a memorandum explaining the action taken thereon to be laid before each House of Parliament.

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