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ARTICLE 303, 304 OF CONSTITUTION OF INDIA 1949

What are the Restrictions on the legislative powers of the Union and of the States with regard to trade and commerce? What are Restrictions on trade, commerce and intercourse among States? Article 303 and 304 of Constitution of India, 1949

Restrictions on the legislative powers of the Union and of the States with regard to trade and commerce and Restrictions on trade, commerce and intercourse among States are defined under Article 303 and 304 of Constitution of India 1949. Provisions under these Articles are:

Article 303 of Constitution of India "Restrictions on the legislative powers of the Union and of the States with regard to trade and commerce"

(1) Notwithstanding anything in Article 302, neither Parliament nor the Legislature of a State shall have power to make any law giving, or authorising the giving of, any preference to one State over another, or making, or authorising the making of, any discrimination between one State and another, by virtue of any entry relating to trade and commerce in any of the Lists in the Seventh Schedule.

 

(2) Nothing in clause (1) shall prevent Parliament from making any law giving, or authorising the giving of, any preference or making, or authorising the making of, any discrimination if it is declared by such law that it is necessary to do so for the purpose of dealing with a situation arising from scarcity of goods in any part of the territory of India.

Article 304 of Constitution of India "Restrictions on trade, commerce and intercourse among States"

Notwithstanding anything in Article 301 or Article 303, the Legislature of a State may by law -

(a) impose on goods imported from other States or the Union territories any tax to which similar goods manufactured or produced in that State are subject, so, however, as not to discriminate between goods so imported and goods so manufactured or produced; and

(b) impose such reasonable restrictions on the freedom of trade, commerce or intercourse with or within that State as may be required in the public interest:

Provided that no Bill or amendment for the purposes of clause shall be introduced or moved in the Legislature of a State without the previous sanction of the President.

Constitution of India 1949

What is Freedom of trade, commerce and intercourse? What is Power of Parliament to impose restrictions on trade, commerce and intercourse? Article 301 and 302 of Constitution of India, 1949

What are the Restrictions on the legislative powers of the Union and of the States with regard to trade and commerce? What are Restrictions on trade, commerce and intercourse among States? Article 303 and 304 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is Saving of existing laws and laws providing for State monopolies and Appointment of authority for carrying out the purposes of Articles 301 to 304? Article 305 and 307 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is Service Interpretation? What are the Recruitment and conditions of service of persons serving the Union or a State? What is the Tenure of office of persons serving the Union or a State? Article 308, 309 and 310 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is Dismissal, removal or reduction in rank of persons employed in civil capacities under the Union or a State? What is All-India Services? Article 311 and 312 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is the Power of Parliament to vary or revoke conditions of service of officers of certain services? What are Transitional provisions? Article 312A and 313 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is Public Service Commissions for the Union and for the States? What is Appointment and term of office of members? Article 315 and 316 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is the terms for Removal and suspension of a member of a Public Service Commission? What are the Power to make regulations as to conditions of service of members and staff of the Commission? Article 317 and 318 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is Prohibition as to the holding of offices by members of Commission on ceasing to be such members? What are the Functions of Public Service Commissions? Article 319 and 320 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is the Power to extend functions of Public Service Commissions? Expenses of Public Service Commission, What are the Reports of Public Service Commissions? Article 321, 322 and 323 of Constitution of India, 1949


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