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ARTICLE 256, 257 OF CONSTITUTION OF INDIA 1949

What are the Obligation of States and the Union? What is Control of the Union over States in certain cases? Article 256 and 257 of Constitution of India, 1949

Obligation of States and the Union and Control of the Union over States in certain cases are defined under Article 256 and 257 of Constitution of India 1949. Provisions under these Articles are:

Article 256 of Constitution of India "Obligation of States and the Union"

The executive power of every State shall be so exercised as to ensure compliance with the laws made by Parliament and any existing laws which apply in that State, and the executive power of the Union shall extend to the giving of such directions to a State as may appear to the Government of India to be necessary for that purpose.

Article 257 of Constitution of India "Control of the Union over States in certain cases"

(1) The executive power of every State shall be so exercised as not to impede or prejudice the exercise of the executive power of the Union, and the executive power of the Union shall extend to the giving of such directions to a State as may appear to the Government of India to be necessary for that purpose.

(2) The executive power of the Union shall also extend to the giving of directions to a State as to the construction and maintenance of means of communication declared in the direction to be of national or military importance:

Provided that nothing in this clause shall be taken as restricting the power of Parliament to declare highways or waterways to be national highways or national waterways so declared or the power of the Union to construct and maintain means of communication as part of its functions with respect to naval, military and air force works.

(3) The executive power of the Union shall also extend to the giving of directions to a State as to the measures to be taken for the protection of the railways within the State.

(4) Where in carrying out any direction given to a State under clause (2) as to the construction or maintenance of any means of communication or under clause (3) as to the measures to be taken for the protection of any railway, costs have been incurred in excess of those which would have been incurred in the discharge of the normal duties of the State if such direction had not been given, there shall be paid by the Government of India to the State such sum as may be agreed, or, in default of agreement, as may be determined by an arbitrator appointed by the Chief Justice of India, in respect of the extra costs so incurred by the State.

Constitution of India 1949

What is the Extent of laws made by Parliament and by the Legislatures of States? What is Subject-matter of laws made by Parliament and by the Legislatures of States? Article 245 and 246 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is the Power of Parliament to provide for the establishment of certain additional courts? What is Residuary powers of legislation? Article 247 and 248 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is the Power of Parliament to legislate with respect to a matter in the State List in the national interest? What is the Power of Parliament to legislate with respect to any matter in the State List if a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation? Article 249 and 250 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is the meaning Inconsistency between laws made by Parliament under Articles 249 and 250 and laws made by the Legislatures of States? What is the Power of Parliament to legislate for two or more States by consent and adoption of such legislation by any other State? Article 251 and 252 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is Legislation for giving effect to international agreements? What is the meaning Inconsistency between laws made by Parliament and laws made by the Legislatures of States? Article 253 and 254 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is the meaning of Requirements as to recommendations and previous sanctions to be regarded as matters of procedure only? Article 255 of Constitution of India, 1949

What are the Obligation of States and the Union? What is Control of the Union over States in certain cases? Article 256 and 257 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is the Power of the Union to confer powers, etc., on States in certain cases? What is the Power of the States to entrust functions to the Union? Article 258 and 258A of Constitution of India, 1949

What is the Jurisdiction of the Union in relation to territories outside India? What is Public acts, records and judicial proceedings? Article 260 and 261 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is the Adjudication of disputes relating to waters of inter-State rivers or river valleys? What are the Provisions with respect to an inter-State Council? Article 262 and 263 of Constitution of India, 1949


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