ARTICLE 25, 26 OF CONSTITUTION OF INDIA 1949

What is Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion? What is Freedom to manage religious affairs? Article 25 and 26 of Constitution of India, 1949

Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion Freedom to manage religious affairs are defined under Article 25 and 26 of Constitution of India 1949. Provisions under these Articles are:

 

 

Article 25 of Constitution of India "Freedom of conscience and free profession, practice and propagation of religion"

(1) Subject to public order, morality and health and to the other provisions of this Part, all persons are equally entitled to freedom of conscience and the right freely to profess, practice and propagate religion.

(2) Nothing in this article shall affect the operation of any existing law or prevent the State from making any law

(a) regulating or restricting any economic, financial, political or other secular activity which may be associated with religious practice;

(b) providing for social welfare and reform or the throwing open of Hindu religious institutions of a public character to all classes and sections of Hindus.

Explanation I.- The wearing and carrying of kirpans shall be deemed to be included in the profession of the Sikh religion.

Explanation II.- In sub-clause (b) of clause reference to Hindus shall be construed as including a reference to persons professing the Sikh, Jaina or Buddhist religion, and the reference to Hindu religious institutions shall be construed accordingly.

Article 26 of Constitution of India "Freedom to manage religious affairs"

Subject to public order, morality and health, every religious denomination or any section thereof shall have the right-

(a) to establish and maintain institutions for religious and charitable purposes;

(b) to manage its own affairs in matters of religion;

(c) to own and acquire movable and immovable property; and

(d) to administer such property in accordance with law.

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