ARTICLE 243F, 243G, 243H-CONSTITUTION OF INDIA 1949

What is Disqualifications for membership? What are the Powers, authority and responsibilities of Panchayats? What are Powers to impose taxes by, and funds of, the Panchayats? Article 243F, 243G and 243H of Constitution of India, 1949

Disqualifications for membership, Powers, authority and responsibilities of Panchayats and Powers to impose taxes by, and funds of, the Panchayats are defined under Article 243F, 243G and 243H of Constitution of India 1949. Provisions under these Articles are:

 

 

Article 243F of Constitution of India "Disqualifications for membership"

(1) A person shall be disqualified for being chosen as, and for being, a member of a Panchayat
(a) if he is so disqualified by or under any law for the time being in force for the purposes of elections to the Legislature of the State concerned:
Provided that no person shall be disqualified on the ground that be is less than twenty-five years of age, if he has attained the age of twenty-one years;

(b) if he is so disqualified by or under any law made by the Legislature of the State.

(2) If any question arises as to whether a member of a Panchayat has become subject to any of the disqualifications mentioned in clause (1), the question shall be referred for the decision of such authority and in such manner as the Legislature of a State may, by law, provide.

Article 243G of Constitution of India "Powers, authority and responsibilities of Panchayats"

Subject to the provisions of this Constitution the Legislature of a State may, by law, endow the Panchayats with such powers and authority and may be necessary to enable them to function as institutions of self-government and such law may contain provisions for the devolution of powers and responsibilities upon Panchayats, at the appropriate level, subject to such conditions as may be specified therein, with respect to?

(a) the preparation of plans for economic development and social justice;

(b) the implementation of schemes for economic development and social justice as may be entrusted to them including those in relation to the matters listed in the Eleventh Schedule.



Article 243H of Constitution of India "Powers to impose taxes by, and funds of, the Panchayats"

The Legislature of a State may, by law,

(a) authorise a Panchayat to levy, collect and appropriate such taxes, duties, tolls and fees in accordance with such procedure and subject to such limits;

(b) assign to a Panchayat such taxes, duties, tolls and fees levied and collected by the State Government for such purposes and subject to such conditions and limits;

(c) provide for making such grants-in-aid to the Panchayats from the Consolidated Fund of the State; and

(d) provide for constitution of such Funds for crediting all moneys received, respectively, by or on behalf of the Panchayats and also for the withdrawal of such moneys therefrom,

as may be specified in the law.

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