What is the Definitions of Panchayat? What is Gram Sabha? What is Constitution of Panchayats? Article 243, 243A and 243B of Constitution of India, 1949

Panchayat Definitions, Gram Sabha and Constitution of Panchayats are defined under Article 243, 243A and 243B of Constitution of India 1949. Provisions under these Articles are:



Article 243 of Constitution of India "Definitions"

In this Part, unless the context otherwise requires,

(a) 'district' means a district in a State;

(b) 'Gram Sabha' means a body consisting of persons registered in the electoral rolls relating to a village comprised within the area of Panchayat at the village level;

(c) 'intermediate level' means a level between the village and district levels specified by the Governor of a State by public notification to be the intermediate level for the purposes of this Part;

(d) 'Panchayat' means an institution (by whatever name called) of self-government constituted under article 243B, for the rural areas;

(e) 'Panchayat area' means the territorial area of a Panchayat;

(f) 'population' means the population as ascertained at the last preceding census of which the relevant figures have been published;

(g) 'village' means a village specified by the Governor by public notification to be a village for the purposes of this Part and includes a group of villages so specified.

Article 243A of Constitution of India "Gram Sabha"

A Gram Sabha may exercise such powers and perform such functions at the village level as the Legislature of a State may by law, provide


Article 243B of Constitution of India "Constitution of Panchayats"

(1) There shall be constituted in every State, Panchayats at the village, intermediate and district levels in accordance with the provisions of this Part.

(2) Notwithstanding anything in clause (1), Panchayats at the intermediate level may not be constituted in a State having a population not exceeding twenty lakhs

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