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ARTICLE 171, 172, 173 OF CONSTITUTION OF INDIA 1949

What is the Composition of the Legislative Councils? What is the Duration of State Legislatures? What is the Qualification for membership of the State Legislature? Article 171, 172 and 173 of Constitution of India, 1949

Composition of the Legislative Councils, Duration of State Legislatures and Qualification for membership of the State Legislature are defined under Article 171, 172 and 173 of Constitution of India 1949. Provisions under these Article are:

Article 171 of Constitution of India "Composition of the Legislative Councils"

(1) The total number of members in the Legislative Council of a State having such a Council shall not exceed one-third of the total number of members in the Legislative Assembly of that State:

Provided that the total number of members in the Legislative Council of a State shall in no case be less than forty.

(2) Until Parliament by law otherwise provides, the composition of the Legislative Council of a State shall be as provided in clause (3).

(3) Of the total number of members of the Legislative council of a State-

(a) as nearly as may be, one-third shall be elected by electorates consisting of members of municipalities, district boards and such other local authorities in the State as Parliament may by law specify;

(b) as nearly as may be, one-twelfth shall be elected by electorates consisting of persons residing in the State who have been for at least three years graduates of any university in the territory of India or have been for at least three years in possession of qualifications prescribed by or under any law made by Parliament as equivalent to that of a graduate of any such university;

(c) as nearly as may be, one-twelfth shall be elected by electorates consisting of persons who have been for at least three years engaged in teaching in such educational institutions within the State, not lower in standard than that of a secondary school, as may be prescribed by or under any law made by Parliament;

(d) as nearly as may be, one-third shall be elected by the members of the Legislative Assembly of the State from amongst persons who are not members of the Assembly;

(e) the remainder shall be nominated by the Governor in accordance with the provisions of clause (5).

(4) The members to be elected under sub-clauses (a), (b) and c) of clause (3) shall be chosen in such territorial constituencies as may be prescribed by or under any law made by Parliament, and the election under the said sub-clauses and under sub-clause (d) of the said clause shall be held in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote.

(5) The members to be nominated by the Governor under sub-clause (e) of clause (3) shall consist of persons having special knowledge or practical experience in respect of such matters as the following, namely:- Literature, science, art, co-operative movement and social service.

Article 172 of Constitution of India "Duration of State Legislatures"

(1) Every Legislative Assembly of every State, unless sooner dissolved, shall continue for five years from the date appointed for its first meeting and no longer and the expiration of the said period of five years shall operate as a dissolution of the Assembly:

Provided that the said period may, while a Proclamation of Emergency is in operation, be extended by Parliament by law for a period not exceeding one year at a time and not extending in any case beyond a period of six months after the Proclamation has ceased to operate.

Article 173 of Constitution of India "Sessions of the State Legislature, prorogation and dissolution"

(1) The Governor shall from time to time summon the House or each House of the Legislature of the State to meet at such time and place as he thinks fit, but six months shall not intervene between its last sitting in one session and the date appointed for its first sitting in the next session.

(2) The Governor may from time to time-

(a) Prorogue the House or either House;

(b) dissolve the Legislative Assembly.

Constitution of India 1949

What is Constitution of Legislatures in States? What is Abolition or creation of Legislative Councils in States? What is Composition of the Legislative Assemblies? Article 168, 169 and 170 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is the Composition of the Legislative Councils? What is the Duration of State Legislatures? What is the Qualification for membership of the State Legislature? Article 171, 172 and 173 of Constitution of India, 1949

What are the Sessions of the State Legislature, prorogation and dissolution? What is the Right of Governor to address and send messages to the House or Houses? Article 174 and 175 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is Special address by the Governor? What are the Rights of Ministers and Advocate-General as respects the Houses? Article 176 and 177 of Constitution of India, 1949

The Speaker and Deputy Speaker of the Legislative Assembly, What is Vacation and resignation of, and removal from, the offices of Speaker and Deputy Speaker? Article 178 and 179 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is the Power of the Deputy Speaker or other person to perform the duties of the office of, or to act as, Speaker? What the meaning The Speaker or the Deputy Speaker not to preside while a resolution for his removal from office is under consideration? Article 180 and 181 of Constitution of India, 1949

Who is The Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Legislative Council? What is the process in case of Vacation and resignation of, and removal from, the offices of Chairman and Deputy Chairman? Article 182 and 183 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is the Power of the Deputy Chairman or other person to perform the duties of the office of, or to act as, Chairman? What is the meaning The Chairman or the Deputy Chairman not to preside while a resolution for his removal from office is under consideration? Article 184 and 185 of Constitution of India, 1949

Who is the Salaries and allowances of the Speaker and Deputy Speaker and the Chairman and Deputy Chairman? What is Secretariat of State Legislature? Article 186 and 187 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is the Oath or affirmation by members? What is the procedure of Voting in Houses, power of Houses to act notwithstanding vacancies and quorum? Article 188 and 189 of Constitution of India, 1949

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