ARTICLE 14, 15 OF CONSTITUTION OF INDIA 1949

What is Equality before law? What is Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth? Article 14 and 15 of Constitution of India, 1949

Equality before law and Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth are defined under Article 14 and 15 of Constitution of India 1949. Provisions under these Articles are:

 

 

Article 14 of Constitution of India "Equality before law"

The State shall not deny to any person equality before the law or the equal protection of the laws within the territory of India. Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth.

 

Article 15 of Constitution of India "Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth"

(1) The State shall not discriminate against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them.

(2) No citizen shall, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them, be subject to any disability, liability, restriction or condition with regard to-

(a) access to shops, public restaurants, hotels and palaces of public entertainment; or

(b) the use of wells, tanks, bathing ghats, roads and places of public resort maintained wholly or partly out of State funds or dedicated to the use of the general public.

(3) Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from making any special provision for women and children.

(4) Nothing in this article or in clause (2) of Article 29 shall prevent the State from making any special provision for the advancement of any socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or for the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes.

 

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