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ARTICLE 12, 13 OF CONSTITUTION OF INDIA 1949

What are the Definitions of Fundamental Rights? What are Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights? Article 12 and 13 of Constitution of India, 1949

Fundamental Rights Definition and Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights are defined under Article 12 and 13 of Constitution of India 1949. Provisions under these Articles are:

Article 12 of Constitution of India "Fundamental Rights - Definition"

In this part, unless the context otherwise requires, "the State" includes the Government and Parliament of India and the Government and the Legislature of each of the States and all local or other authorities within the territory of India or under the control of the Government of India.

 

Article 13 of Constitution of India "Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights"

(1) All laws in force in the territory of India immediately before the commencement of this Constitution, in so far as they are inconsistent with the provisions of this Part, shall, to the extent of such inconsistency, be void.

(2) The State shall not make any law which takes away or abridges the rights conferred by this Part and any law made in contravention of this clause shall, to the extent of the contravention, be void.

(3) In this article, unless the context otherwise requires.-

"law" includes any Ordinance, order, bye-law, rule, regulation, notification, custom or usages having in the territory of India the force of law;

"laws in force" includes laws passed or made by Legislature or other competent authority in the territory of India before the commencement of this Constitution and not previously repealed, notwithstanding that any such law or any part thereof may not be then in operation either at all or in particular areas.

(4) Nothing in this article shall apply to any amendment of this Constitution made under Article 368

Constitution of India 1949

What is Preamble? What is Name and territory of the Union? What is the procedure for Admission or establishment of new States? Preamble, Article 1 and 2 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is Formation of new States and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing States? Article 3 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is Laws made under Articles 2 and 3 to provide for the amendment of the First and the Fourth Schedules and supplemental, incidental and consequential matters? Article 4 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is Citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution? What are Rights of citizenship of certain persons who have migrated to India from Pakistan? Article 5 and 6 of Constitution of India, 1949

What are Rights of citizenship of certain migrants to Pakistan? What are Rights of citizenship of certain persons of India origin residing outside India? Article 7 and 8 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is Person voluntarily acquiring citizenship of a foreign? What is the meaning State not to be citizens Continuance of the rights of citizenship? What is the meaning of Parliament to regulate citizenship by law? Article 9, 10 and 11 of Constitution of India, 1949

What are the Definitions of Fundamental Rights? What are Laws inconsistent with or in derogation of the fundamental rights? Article 12 and 13 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is Equality before law? What is Prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth? Article 14 and 15 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment? What is Abolition of Untouchability? What is abolition of Titles? Article 16, 17 and 18 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is Protection of certain rights regarding freedom of speech etc? What is Protection in respect of conviction for offences? Article 19 and 20 of Constitution of India, 1949

What is Protection of life and personal liberty? What is Protection against arrest and detention in certain cases? Article 21 and 22 of Constitution of India, 1949

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