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CODE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE 1908

ORDER XX A COSTS

What is Provision relating to certain items? What is the Costs to be awarded in accordance with the rules made by High Court? Rule 1 and 2 of Order XX A of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

 

 

ORDER XXI EXECUTION OF DECREES AND ORDERS

What are the Modes of paying money under decree? What is Payment out of Court to decree-holder? What is the procedure for Lands situate in more than one jurisdiction? What is Transfer to Court of Small Causes? What is Mode of transfer? What is the Procedure where Court desires that its own decree shall be executed by another Court? Which is the Court receiving copies of decree etc., to file some without proof? How is Execution of decree or order by Court to which it is sent? How is Execution by High Court of decree transferred by other Court? How to file Application for execution? What is Oral application? How to file Application for arrest to state grounds? How to file Application for attachment of movable property not in judgment-debtor's possession? Rule 1, 2, 2A, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 11A and 12 of Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is the meaning of Application for attachment of immovable property to contain certain particulars? What is the Power to require certified extract from Collector's register in certain cases? What is Application for execution by joint decree-holders? What is Application for execution by transferee of decree? What is the Procedure on receiving application for execution of decree? What is Execution in case of cross-decrees? What is Execution in case of cross-claims under same decree? What is Cross-decrees and cross-claims in mortgage-suits? What is Simultaneous execution? What is the procedure for Notice to show cause against execution in certain cases? What is the meaning of Sale not to be set aside on the death of the judgment-debtor before the sale but after the service of the proclamation of sale? Rule 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 29, 21, 22 and 22A of Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is the Procedure after issue of notice? What is the Process for execution? What is Endorsement on process? When Court may stay execution? What is Liability of judgment-debtor discharged? When Liability of judgment-debtor discharged? What is Stay of execution pending suit between decree-holder and judgment-debtor? Rule 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28 and 29 of Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

 

 

What is Decree for payment of money? What is Decree for specific movable property? What is Decree for specific performance for restitution of conjugal rights or for an injunction? What is Discretion of Court in executing decrees for restitution of conjugal rights? What is Decree for execution of document or endorsement of negotiable instrument? What is Decree for immovable property? What is Decree for delivery of immovable property when in occupancy of tenant? Rule 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35 and 36 of Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is Discretionary power to permit judgment debtor to show cause against detention in prison? What is warrant for arrest to direct judgment-debtor to be brought up? What is Subsistence allowance? What is Proceedings on appearance of judgment-debtor in obedience to notice or after arrest? Rule 37, 38, 39 and 40 of Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is the meaning of Examination of judgment-debtor as to his property? What is Attachment in case of decree for rent or mesne profits or other matter, amount of which to be subsequently determined? What is Attachment of movable property, other than agricultural produce, in possession of judgment-debtor? What is Custody of movable property? What is Attachment of agricultural produce? What is the Provision as to agricultural produce under attachment? What is Attachment of debt, share and other property not in possession of judgment-debtor? What is Attachment of share in movables? Rule 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46 and 47 of Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is Attachment of salary or allowances of servant of the Government or railway company or local authority? What is Attachment of salary or allowances of private employees? What is Attachment of partnership property? What is Execution of decree against firm? What is Attachment of negotiable instruments? What is the process of Attachment of property in custody of Court or Public officer? What is Attachment of decrees? What is Attachment of immovable property? How is Removal of attachment after satisfaction of decree? What is Order for payment of coin or currency notes to party entitled under decree? What is Determination of attachment? Rule 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56 and 57 of Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is Adjudication of claims to, or objections to attachment of, property? What is Stay of sale? What is the Power to order property attached to be sold and proceeds to be paid to person entitled? Sales by whom conducted and how made? What is Proclamation of sales by public auction? Rule 58, 59, 64, 65 and 66 of Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is the Mode of making proclamation, Time of sale? What is Adjournment or stoppage of sale? What is the meaning of Defaulting purchaser answerable for loss on re-sale? What is the meaning of Decree holder not to bid for or buy property without permission? What is the meaning of Mortgagee not to bid at sate without the leave of the Court? What is Restriction on bidding or purchase by officers? Rule 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72 and 73 of Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is the procedure for Sale of agricultural produce? What is the Special provisions relating to growing crops? Negotiable instruments and shares in corporate, What is Sale by public auction? What is the meaning Irregularity not to vitiate sale, but any person injured may sue? How to do Delivery of movable property? debts and shares, Transfer of negotiable instruments and shares, What is Vesting order in case of other property? Rule 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80 and 81 of Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What Courts may order sales? What is Postponement of sale to enable judgment- debtor to raise amount of decree? What is Deposit by purchaser and re-sale on default? What is Time for payment in full of purchase money? What is the Procedure In default of payment? What is Notification on re-sale? What is Bid of co-sharer to have preference? What is Application to set aside sale on depositor? Rule 82, 83, 84, 85, 86, 87, 88 and 89 of Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is Application to set aside sale on ground of irregularity or fraud? What is Application by purchaser to set aside sale on ground of judgment-debtor having no saleable interest? Sale when to become absolute or be set aside? What is Return of purchase-money in certain cases? What is Certificate to purchaser? What is Delivery of property in occupancy of judgment-debtor? How is Delivery of property in occupancy of tenant? Rule 90, 91, 92, 93, 94, 95 and 96 of Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

What is Resistance or obstruction to possession of immovable property? What are Orders after adjudication? What is Dispossession by decree-holder or purchaser? What are the Order to be passed upon application complaining of dispossession? What are the Question to be determined? What is the meaning of Rules not applicable to transferee pendent lite? What are Orders to be treated as decrees? What is the meaning of Order under rule 101 or rule 103 to be subject to the result or pending suit? What is Hearing of application, Setting, aside orders passed ex parte, etc.? Rule 97, 98, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 104, 105 and 106 of Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

ORDER XXI  ATTACHMENT OF PROPERTY - RULE 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47 OF CODE OF CIVIL PROCEDURE 1908

What is the meaning of Examination of judgment-debtor as to his property? What is Attachment in case of decree for rent or mesne profits or other matter, amount of which to be subsequently determined? What is Attachment of movable property, other than agricultural produce, in possession of judgment-debtor? What is Custody of movable property? What is Attachment of agricultural produce? What is the Provision as to agricultural produce under attachment? What is Attachment of debt, share and other property not in possession of judgment-debtor? What is Attachment of share in movables? Rule 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46 and 47 of Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908

 

Examination of judgment-debtor as to his property, Attachment in case of decree for rent or mesne profits or other matter, amount of which to be subsequently determined, Attachment of movable property, other than agricultural produce, in possession of judgement-debtor, Custody of movable property, Attachment of agricultural produce, Provision as to agricultural produce under attachment, Attachment of debt, share and other property not in possession of judgment-debtor and Attachment of share in movables are defined under Rule 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46 and 47  of Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908. Provisions under these Rules are:

Rule 41 Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Examination of judgment-debtor as to his property"

(1) Where a decree is for the payment of money the decree-holder may apply to the Court for an order that-

(a) the judgment-debtor, or

(b) where the judgment-debtor is a corporation, any officer thereof, or

(c) any other person,

be orally examined as to whether any or what debts are owing to the judgment-debtor and whether the judgment-debtor has any and what other property or means of satisfying the decree; and the Court may make an order for the attendance and examination of such judgment-debtor, or officer or other person, and for the production of any books or documents.

(2) Where a decree for the payment of money has remained unsatisfied for a period of thirty days, the Court may, on the application of the decree-holder and without prejudice to its power under sub-rule (1), by order require the judgment-debtor or where the judgment-debtor is a corporation, any officer thereof, to make an affidavit stating the particulars of the assets of the judgment-debtor.

(3) In case of disobedience of any order made under sub-rule (2), the Court making the order, or any Court to which the proceeding is transferred, may direct that the person disobeying the order be detained in the civil prison for a term not exceeding three months unless before the expiry of such term the Court directs his release.

Rule 42 Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Attachment in case of decree for rent or mesne profits or other matter, amount of which to be subsequently determined"

Where a decree directs an inquiry as to rent or mesne profits or any other matter, the property of the judgment-debtor may, before the amount due from him has been ascertained, be attached, as in the case of an ordinary decree for the payment of money.

Rule 43 Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Attachment of movable property, other than agricultural produce, in possession of judgement-debtor"

Where the property to be attached is movable property, other than agricultural produce, in the possession of the judgment-debtor, the attachment shall be made by actual seizure, and the attaching officer shall keep the property in his own custody or in the custody of one of his subordinates, and shall be responsible for the due custody thereof :

Provided that, when the property seized is subject to speedy and natural decay, or when the expense of keeping it in custody is likely to exceed its value, the attaching officer may sell it at once.

Rule 43A Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Custody of movable property"

(1) Where the property attached consists of live-stock, agricultural implements or other articles which cannot conveniently be removed and the attaching officer does not act under the proviso to rule 43, he may, at the instance of the judgment-debtor or of the decree-holder or of any other person claiming to be interested in such property, leave it in the village or place where it has been attached, in the custody of any respectable person (hereinafter referred to as the "custodian").

(2) If the custodian fails after due notice, to produce such property at the place named by the Court before the officer deputed for the purpose or to restore it to the person in whose favour restoration is ordered by the Court, or if the property, though so produced or restored, is not in the same condition as it was when it was entrusted to him,-

(a) the custodian shall be liable to pay compensation to the decree-holder, judgment-debtor or any other person who is found to be entitled to the restoration thereof, for any loss or damage caused by his default; and

(b) such liability may be enforced-

(i) at the instance of the decree-holder, as if the custodian were a surety under section 145;

(ii) at the instance of the judgment-debtor or such other person, on an application in execution; and

(c) any order determining such liability shall be appealable as a decree.

Rule 44 Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Attachment of agricultural produce"

Where the property to be attached is agricultural produce, the attachment shall be made by affixing a copy of the warrant of attachment,-

(a) where such produce is a growing crop, on the land on which such crop has grown, or

(b) where such produce has been cut or gathered, on the threshing floor or place for treading out grain or the like or fodder-stack on or in which it is deposited,

and another copy on the outer door or on some other conspicuous part of the house in which the judgment-debtor ordinarily resides or, with the leave of the Court, on the outer door or on some other conspicuous part of the house in which he carries on business or personally works for gain or in which he is known to have last resides or carried on business or personally worked for gain ; and the produce shall thereupon be deemed to have passed into the possession of the Court.

Rule 45 Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Provision as to agricultural produce under attachment"

(1) Where agricultural produce is attached, the Court shall make such arrangements for the custody thereof as it may deem sufficient and, for the purpose of enabling the Court to make such arrangements, every application for the attachment of a growing crop shall specify the time at which it is likely to be fit to be cut or gathered.

(2) Subject to such conditions as may be imposed by the Court in this behalf either in the order of attachment or in any subsequent order, the judgment-debtor may tend, cut, gather and store the produce and do any other act necessary for maturing or preserving it; and if the judgment-debtor fails to do all or any of such acts, the decree-holder may, with the permission of the Court and subject to the like conditions, do all or any of them either by himself or by any person appointed by him in this behalf and the costs incurred by the decree-holder shall be recoverable from the judgment-debtor as if they were included in, or formed part of, the decree.

(3) Agricultural produce attached as a growing crop shall not be deemed to have ceased to be under attachment or to require re-attachment merely because it has been severed from the soil.

(4) Where an order for the attachment of a growing crop has been made at a considerable time before the crop is likely to be fit to be cut or gathered, the Court may suspend the execution of the order for such time as it thinks fit, and may, in its discretion, make a further order prohibiting the removal of the crop pending the execution of the order of attachment.

(5) A growing crop which from its nature does not admit of being stored shall not be attached under this rule at any time less than twenty days before the time at which it is likely to be fit to be cut or gathered .

Rule 46 Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Attachment of debt, share and other property not in possession of judgment-debtor"

(1) In the case of-

(a) a debt not secured by a negotiable instrument,

(b) a share in the capital of a corporation,

(c) other movable property not in the possession of the judgment-debtor, except property deposited in, or in the custody of, any Court,

the attachment shall be made by a written order prohibiting,-

(i) in the case of the debt, the credit or from recovering the debt and the debtor from making payment thereof until the further order of the Court;

(ii) in the case of the share, the person in whose name the share may be standing from transferring the same or receiving any dividend thereon;

(iii) in the case of the other movable property except as aforesaid, the person in possession of the same from giving it over to the judgment-debtor.

(2) A copy of such order shall be affixed on some conspicuous part of the court-house, and another copy shall be sent in the case of the debt, to the debtor, in the case of the share, to the proper officer of the corporation, and, in the case of the other movable property (except as aforesaid), to the person in possession of the same.

(3) A debtor prohibited under clause (i) of sub-rule (1) may pay the amount of his debt into Court, and such payment shall discharge him as effectually as payment to the party entitled to receive the same.

Rule 46A Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Notice to garnishee"

(1) The Court may in the case of a debt (other than a debt secured by a mortgage or in charge) which has been attached under rule 46, upon the application of the attaching creditor, issue notice to the garnishee liable to pay such debt, calling upon him either to pay into Court the debt due from him to the judgment-debtor or so much thereof as may be sufficient to satisfy the decree and costs of execution, or to appear and show cause why he should riot do so.

(2) An application under sub-rule (1) shall be made on affidavit verifying the facts alleged and stating that in the belief of the deponent, the garnishee is indebted to the judgment-debtor.

(3) Where the garnishee pays in the Court the amount due from him to the judgment-debtor or so much thereof as is sufficient to satisfy the decree and the costs of the execution, the Court may direct that the amount may be paid to the decree-holder towards satisfaction of the decree and costs of the execution.

Rule 46B Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Order against garnishee"

Where the garnishee does not forthwith pay into Court the amount due from him to the judgment- debtor or so much thereof as is sufficient to satisfy the decree and the costs of execution, and does not appear and show cause in answer to the notice, the Court may order the garnishee to comply with the terms of such notice, and on such order, execution may issue as though such order were a decree against him.

Rule 46C Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Trial of disputed questions"

Where the garnishee disputes liability, the Court may order that any issue or question necessary for the determination of liability shall be tried as if it were an issue in a suit, and upon the determination of such issue shall make such order or orders as it deems fit :

Provided that if the debt in respect of which the application under rule 46A is made is in respect of a sum of money beyond the pecuniary jurisdiction of the Court. the Court shall send the execution case to the Court of the District Judge to which the said Court is subordinate, and thereupon the Court of the District Judge or any other competent Court to which it may be transferred by the District Judge shall deal with it in the same manner as if the case had been originally instituted in that Court.

Rule 46D Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Procedure where debt belongs to third person"

Where it is suggested or appears to be probable that the debt belongs to third person or that any third person has a lien or charge on, or other interest in such debt, the Court may order such third person to appear and state the nature and particulars of his claim,. if any, to such debt and prove the same.

Rule 46E Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Order as regard third person"

After hearing such third person and any person or persons who may subsequently be ordered to appear, or where such third person or other person or persons do not appear when so ordered, the Court may make such order as is hereinbefore provided, or such other order or orders upon such terms, if any, with respect to the lien, charge or interest, as he case may be, of such third or other person or persons as it may decree fit and proper.

Rule 46F Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Payment by garnishee to be valid discharge"

Payment made by the garnishee on notice under rule 46A or under any such order as aforesaid shall be a valid discharge to him as against the judgment-debtor and any other person ordered to appear as aforesaid for the amount paid or levied, although the decree in execution of which the application under rule 46A was made, or the order passed in the proceedings on such application may be set aside or reversed.

Rule 46G Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Costs"

The costs of any application made under rule 46A and of any proceeding arising therefrom or incidental thereto shall be in the discretion of the Court.

Rule 46H Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Appeals"

An order made under rule 46B, rule 46C or rule 46E shall be appealable as a decree.

Rule 46I Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Application to negotiable instruments"

The provisions of rule 46A to 46H (both inclusive) shall, so far as may be, apply in relation to negotiable attached under rule 51 as they apply in relation to debts.

Rule 47 Order XXI of Code of Civil Procedure 1908 "Attachment of share in movables"

Where the property to be attached consists of the share or interest of the judgment-debtor in movable property belonging to him and another as co-owners, the attachment shall be made by a notice to the judgment-debtor prohibiting him from transferring the share or interest or charging it in any way.

 

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