Section 47. Time from which registered
A registered document shall operate from the time from which it
would have commenced to operate if no registration thereof had been
required or made, and not from the time of its registration.
Section 48. Registered documents relating to property when to
take effect against oral agreements
All non-testamentary documents duly registered under this Act,
and relating to any property, whether movable or immovable, shall
take effect against any oral agreement or declaration relating to
such property, unless where the agreement or declaration has been
accompanied or followed by delivery of possession and the same
constitutes a valid transfer under any law for the time being in
PROVIDED that a mortgage by deposit of title-deeds as defined in
section 58 of the Transfer of Property Act, 1882, shall take effect
against any mortgage-deed subsequently executed and registered which
relates to the same property.
Section 49. Effect of non-registration of documents required to
No document required by section 17 or by any provision of the
Transfer of Property Act, 1882 to be registered shall-
(a) affect any immovable property comprised therein, or
(b) confer any power to adopt, or
(c) be received as evidence of any transaction affecting such
property or conferring such power, unless it has been registered:
PROVIDED that an unregistered document affecting immovable property
and required by this Act or the Transfer of Property Act, 1882, to
be registered may be received as evidence of a contract in a suit
for specific performance under Chapter II of the Specific Relief
Act, 1877, or as evidence of part performance of a contract for the
purposes of section 53A of the Transfer of Property Act, 1882, or as
evidence of any collateral transaction not required to be effected
by registered instrument.
Section 50. Certain registered documents relating to land to take
effect against unregistered documents
Section 50 (1) Every document of the kinds mentioned in clauses
(a), (b), (c) and (d) of section 17, sub-section (1), and clauses
(a) and (b) of section 18, shall, if duly registered, take effect as
regards the property comprised therein, against every unregistered
document relating to the same property, and not being a decree or
order, whether such unregistered document be of the same nature as
the registered document or not.
Section 50 (2) Nothing in sub-section (1) applies to leases exempted
under the proviso to sub-section (1) of section 17 or to any
document mentioned in sub-section (2) of the same section, or to any
registered document which had not priority under the law in force at
the commencement of this Act.
Explanation : In cases where Act No. XVI of 1864 or the Indian
Registration Act, 1866, was in force in the place and at the time in
and at which such unregistered document was executed, "unregistered"
means not registered according to such Act, and, where the document
is executed after the first day of July, 1871, not registered under
the Indian Registration Act, 1871, or the Indian Registration Act,
1877, or this Act.