What is Ratio decidendi?
The reason behind or crux of a judicial decision.
What is Registry?
This is the administrative machinery of a Court which deals with the filing,
registering and listing of cases, issuing copies of orders and notices to
parties, maintaining and preserving records. The Registry is also responsible
for the maintenance and security of the court premises. It is headed by a
Registrar General or a Registrar.
What is Representative Action?
Any affected person can file a petition on behalf of an indeterminate group of
persons, or of the entire population in a representative action.
What is Res Judicata?
A legal principle which prevents a party to a case which has been finally
decided from bringing an action on the same issue. For example, a case is barred
by res judicata if an earlier case between the same parties has decided upon the
same points. This is embodied in Section 11 of the Code of Civil Procedure,
Who is Respondent?
A party against whom a petition is filed. A proforma respondent is a party
against whom no relief is sought.
What is Review?
A court has the power to review its orders on specified grounds, as provided by
law. Generally the same court which passed the order or judgement in a case
reviews its decision. There is, however, no inherent power in a court to review
its decisions. The power has to be given by statute or be found in the
What is Revision?
Orders that cannot be appealed against can be revised by the High Court on
specific grounds, as provided in S 115 of the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 and
Ss. 397 and 401 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973.
What is the meaning of Rule Nisi?
When admitting a writ petition for being heard, a court orders rule nisi which
means that the respondents are asked to show cause why the petition should not
be allowed, i.e. why the rule issued may not be made absolute. If the petition
is allowed, the Court orders that the rule is made absolute. If the petition is
dismissed, the Court states that the rule has been discharged.