What is Judgment?
The final order of a court in a case which, while giving reasons, conclusively
decides the rights of parties in the case, resolves the dispute and grants
reliefs. See bench, order.
Who is Judgment-debtor?
Any person against whom a decree has been passed or an order capable of
execution has been made;
What is Judicial Review?
A term that describes the function of the judiciary being able to examine and
correct the actions of all the organs of State—the executive, the legislature
and the judiciary itself. Judicial review is part of the basic structure of the
Who is Junior Advocate?
Any advocate who wants to practice law, enrolls with a Bar Council and generally
begins work in the office of a practicing advocate.
What is Jurisdiction?
This indicates the scope and extent of a court’s powers. For instance, a court
only has territorial jurisdiction within the territory over which its powers
extend. Jurisdiction is also used to describe the nature of the proceedings in
the Court, for example: civil original jurisdiction, criminal appellate
jurisdiction. A court’s decision can always be challenged on the ground that
while deciding a case it has exceeded its jurisdiction, i.e. powers, or that it
has exercised a jurisdiction it does not possess.
What is the meaning of Justiciable?
A matter is justiciable if it lends itself to adjudication by a court. This is
determined by criteria laid down in law. For example, the correctness of the
foreign policy of a state may not be examined by a court because it is not
Neglect of a person to assert his right within reasonable time. This results in
barring of a remedy which would have been otherwise available.
What is the meaning of LCR or TCR?
It means the Lower Court Record or Trial Court Record i.e. the record of the
lower court which is brought for perusal by the Appellate Court.
What is Legal Aid?
A system by which legal services are rendered at government cost to those in
financial need and who cannot afford the cost of litigation. This is mandated by
Article 39A of the Constitution. In Delhi, the Delhi High Court Legal Services
Committee (DHCLSC) and the Delhi Legal Services Authority (DLSA) provide legal
aid on behalf of the State.
Who is Legal Representative?
A person who in law represents the estate of a deceased person, and includes any
person who intermeddles with the estate of the deceased and where a party sues
or is sued in a representative character the person on whom the estate devolves
on the death of the party so suing or sued;
What is Liability?
The assignment of responsibility and accountability for correcting a legal wrong
or the violation of a legal right.
What is Litigation?
The totality of the legal proceedings in any dispute.
What is Locus Standi?
Translated from Latin as ’place of standing’, locus standi gives the right to
pursue a litigation. Under this rule, only a person or group of persons affected
by the issue may petition the Court. A petition may be dismissed on the
preliminary ground that the petitioner lacks locus standi. However, in PIL, the
locus standi of public spirited persons to petition on behalf of others has been
recognized. This relaxation of the rule of standing is an important feature of
PIL—for instance, journalists, lawyers, politicians, social activists, students,
or any ’concerned individual’ not acting for personal interest or gain, and not
as a ’busy body’, have been given standing.