J, K, L - Legal terms and its meaning.

What is Judgment?
The final order of a court in a case which, while giving reasons, conclusively decides the rights of parties in the case, resolves the dispute and grants reliefs. See bench, order.

Who is Judgment-debtor?
Any person against whom a decree has been passed or an order capable of execution has been made;

What is Judicial Review?
A term that describes the function of the judiciary being able to examine and correct the actions of all the organs of State—the executive, the legislature and the judiciary itself. Judicial review is part of the basic structure of the Indian Constitution.

Who is Junior Advocate?
Any advocate who wants to practice law, enrolls with a Bar Council and generally begins work in the office of a practicing advocate.

What is Jurisdiction?
This indicates the scope and extent of a court’s powers. For instance, a court only has territorial jurisdiction within the territory over which its powers extend. Jurisdiction is also used to describe the nature of the proceedings in the Court, for example: civil original jurisdiction, criminal appellate jurisdiction. A court’s decision can always be challenged on the ground that while deciding a case it has exceeded its jurisdiction, i.e. powers, or that it has exercised a jurisdiction it does not possess.

What is the meaning of Justiciable?
A matter is justiciable if it lends itself to adjudication by a court. This is determined by criteria laid down in law. For example, the correctness of the foreign policy of a state may not be examined by a court because it is not justiciable.
Laches
Neglect of a person to assert his right within reasonable time. This results in barring of a remedy which would have been otherwise available.

What is the meaning of LCR or TCR?
It means the Lower Court Record or Trial Court Record i.e. the record of the lower court which is brought for perusal by the Appellate Court.

What is Legal Aid?
A system by which legal services are rendered at government cost to those in financial need and who cannot afford the cost of litigation. This is mandated by Article 39A of the Constitution. In Delhi, the Delhi High Court Legal Services Committee (DHCLSC) and the Delhi Legal Services Authority (DLSA) provide legal aid on behalf of the State.

Who is Legal Representative?
A person who in law represents the estate of a deceased person, and includes any person who intermeddles with the estate of the deceased and where a party sues or is sued in a representative character the person on whom the estate devolves on the death of the party so suing or sued;

What is Liability?
The assignment of responsibility and accountability for correcting a legal wrong or the violation of a legal right.

What is Litigation?
The totality of the legal proceedings in any dispute.

What is Locus Standi?
Translated from Latin as ’place of standing’, locus standi gives the right to pursue a litigation. Under this rule, only a person or group of persons affected by the issue may petition the Court. A petition may be dismissed on the preliminary ground that the petitioner lacks locus standi. However, in PIL, the locus standi of public spirited persons to petition on behalf of others has been recognized. This relaxation of the rule of standing is an important feature of PIL—for instance, journalists, lawyers, politicians, social activists, students, or any ’concerned individual’ not acting for personal interest or gain, and not as a ’busy body’, have been given standing.

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