Sentence of Imprisonment under Indian Penal Code are
defined under Section 55 of Indian Penal Code 1860.
Provisions in the
Section 55 of Indian Penal Code.
"Commutation of Sentence of Imprisonment"
In every case in which sentence of [imprisonment] for life shall have been
passed, [the appropriate Government] may, without the consent of the offender,
commute the punishment for imprisonment of either description for a term not
exceeding fourteen years
There is nothing limits life imprisonment being for 14
or 20 years. That is a misconception spread out in
India, for reason explained below. Supreme Court of
India clarified that life imprisonment means the convict
will be in prison till the end of his or her life. There
is also nothing as day and night being counted as two
days, nor does good behaviour mean automatic reduction
in sentence. The 14 year limit comes from a separate
provision in the Criminal Procedure Code. This provision
states that state governments can grant remission to
(means reduce) the sentence awarded by the court.
However, in such cases, the sentence can't be reduced to
anything less than 14 years.
Some state governments have been misusing this provision
and have been reducing sentences of life convicts in a
wholesale manner, without following the guidelines. Thus
all those sentenced to life started to get released in
14 years and thus this misconception spread out that
life sentence means 14 years. Last year the home
ministry has told states to stop this wholesale
remission and start dealing with cases on a one-to-one
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Section 55 of Indian Penal Code - What is Commutation of Sentence of
Imprisonment? is the limit of life term is 14 years?
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