Commutation of Sentence of Imprisonment under Indian
Penal Code are
defined under Section 55 of Indian Penal Code 1860.
Provisions in the Act is:
Section 55 of Indian Penal Code. "Commutation of Sentence of Imprisonment"
In every case in which sentence of [imprisonment] for life shall have been
passed, [the appropriate Government] may, without the consent of the offender,
commute the punishment for imprisonment of either description for a term not
exceeding fourteen years
There is nothing limits life imprisonment being for
14 or 20 years. That is a misconception spread out in India, for
reason explained below. Supreme Court of India clarified that life
imprisonment means the convict will be in prison till the end of his
or her life. There is also nothing as day and night being counted as
two days, nor does good behaviour mean automatic reduction in
sentence. The 14 year limit comes from a separate provision in the
Criminal Procedure Code. This provision states that state
governments can grant remission to (means reduce) the sentence
awarded by the court. However, in such cases, the sentence can't be
reduced to anything less than 14 years.
Some state governments have been misusing this provision
and have been reducing sentences of life convicts in a wholesale
manner, without following the guidelines. Thus all those sentenced
to life started to get released in 14 years and thus this
misconception spread out that life sentence means 14 years. Last
year the home ministry has told states to stop this wholesale
remission and start dealing with cases on a one-to-one basis.
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Section 54 of Indian Penal Code - What is Commutation of
Section 55 of Indian Penal Code - What is Commutation of
Sentence of Imprisonment? is the limit of life term is 14
Section 64 of Indian Penal Code - What is Sentence of
Imprisonment for non payment of fine?
Section 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70 of Indian Penal Code - Levy
of fine and imprisonment
Section 71 of Indian Penal Code - What is the limit of
punishment of offences made up of several offences?
Section 73, 74 of Indian Penal Code - What is Solitary
Confinement? What is the limit of solitary confinement?
Section 75 of Indian Penal Code - Enhancement of punishment
for certain offences after previous conviction