What is Defamation? What is the punishment for the crime? Classification of offences under Section 500, 501 and 502 of Indian Penal Code 1860

Defamation and punishment for the crime are defined under Section 500, 501 and 502 of Indian Penal Code 1860. Classification of offences relating to this section is:

 

 

 CHAPTER XXI - DEFAMATION

 

IPC Section

 

Offence

 

Punishment

 

Cognizable or non-cognizable

 

Bailable or non-bailable

 

By what court triable

 

500 IPC

 

Defamation against the President or the Vice-President or the Governor of a State or Administrator of a Union territory or a Minister in respect of his conduct in the discharge of his public functions when instituted upon a complaint made by the Public Prosecutor

 

Simple Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Court of Session

   

Defamation in any other case

 

Simple Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Magistrate of the first class

 

501 IPC

 

(a) Printing or engraving matter knowing it to be defamatory against the President of the Vice-President or the Governor of a State or Administrator of a Union territory or a Minister in respect of his conduct in the discharge of his public functions when instituted upon a complaint made by the Public Prosecutor

 

Simple Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Court of Session

   

(b) Printing or engraving matter knowing it to be defamatory, in any other case

 

Simple Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Magistrate of the first class

 

502 IPC

 

(a) Sale of printed or engraved substance containing defamatory matter, knowing it to contain such matter against the President or the Vice-President or the Governor of a State or Administrator of a Union territory or a Minister in respect of his conduct in the discharge of his public functions when instituted upon a complaint made by the Public Prosecutor

 

Simple Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Court of Session

   

(b) Sale of printed or engraved substance containing defamatory matter, knowing it to contain such matter in any other case

 

Simple imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Magistrate of the first class

 

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