What are the offences against property? What is the punishment for the crime? Classification of offences under Section 403, 404, 406, 407, 408, 409, 411, 412, 413, 414, 417, 418, 419, 420, 421, 422, 423, 424, 426, 427, 428, 429, 430, 431, 432, 433, 434, 435, 436, 437, 438, 439 and 440 of Indian Penal Code 1860

Offences against property and punishment for the crime are defined under Section 403, 404, 406, 407, 408, 409, 411, 412, 413, 414, 417, 418, 419, 420, 421, 422, 423, 424, 426, 427, 428, 429, 430, 431, 432, 433, 434, 435, 436, 437, 438, 439 and 440 of Indian Penal Code 1860. Classification of offences relating to these sections are:

 

 

 CHAPTER XVII - OFFENCES AGAINST PROPERTY

 

IPC Section

 

Offence

 

Punishment

 

Cognizable or non-cognizable

 

Bailable or non-bailable

 

By what court triable

 

403 IPC

 

Dishonest misappropriation of movable property, or converting it to one's own use

 

Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Any Magistrate

 

404 IPC

 

Dishonest misappropriation of property, knowing that it was in possession of a deceased person at his death, and that it has not since been in the possession of any person legally entitled to it

 

Imprisonment for 3 years and fine

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Magistrate of the first class

   

If by clerk or person employed by deceased

 

Imprisonment for 7 years and fine

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Magistrate of the first class

 

406 IPC

 

Criminal breach of trust

 

Imprisonment for 3 years, or fine, or both

 

Cognizable

 

Non-bailable

 

Magistrate of the first class

 

407 IPC

 

Criminal breach of trust by a carrier, wharfinger, etc

 

Imprisonment for 7 years and fine

 

Cognizable

 

Non-bailable

 

Magistrate of the first class

 

408 IPC

 

Criminal breach of trust by a clerk or servant

 

Imprisonment for 7 years and fine

 

Cognizable

 

Non-bailable

 

Magistrate of the first class

 

409 IPC

 

Criminal breach of trust by public servant or by banker, merchant or agent, etc

 

Imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for 10 years and fine

 

Cognizable

 

Non-bailable

 

Magistrate of the first class

 

411 IPC

 

Dishonestly receiving stolen property knowing it to be stolen

 

Imprisonment for 3 years, or fine, or both

 

Cognizable

 

Non-bailable

 

Any Magistrate.

 

412 IPC

 

Dishonestly receiving stolen property knowing that it was obtained by dacoity

 

Imprisonment for life, or rigorous imprisonment for 10 years and fine

 

Cognizable

 

Non-bailable

 

Court of Session

 

413 IPC

 

Habitually dealing in stolen property

 

Imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for 10 years and fine

 

Cognizable

 

Non-bailable

 

Court of Session

 

414 IPC

 

Assisting in concealment or disposal of stolen property, knowing it to be stolen

 

Imprisonment for 3 years, or fine, or both

 

Cognizable

 

Non-bailable

 

Any Magistrate

 

417 IPC

 

Cheating

 

Imprisonment for 1 year, or fine, or both

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Any Magistrate

 

418 IPC

 

Cheating a person whose interest the offender was bound, either by law or by legal contract, to protect

 

Cheating by personation

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Any Magistrate

 

419 IPC

 

Cheating by personation

 

Cheating by personation

 

Cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Any Magistrate

 

420 IPC

 

Cheating and thereby dishonestly inducing delivery of property, or the making, alteration or destruction of a valuable security

 

Imprisonment for 7 years and fine

 

Cognizable

 

Non-bailable

 

Magistrate of the first class

 

421 IPC

 

Fraudulent removal or concealment of property, etc., to prevent distribution among creditors

 

Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Any Magistrate

 

422 IPC

 

Fraudulently preventing from being made available for his creditors a debt or demand due to the offender

 

Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Any Magistrate

 

423 IPC

 

Fraudulent execution of deed of transfer containing a false statement of consideration

 

Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Any Magistrate

 

424 IPC

 

Fraudulent removal or concealment of property, of himself or any other person or assisting in the doing thereof, or dishonestly releasing any demand or claim to which he is entitled.

 

Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Any Magistrate

 

426 IPC

 

Mischief

 

Imprisonment for 3 months, or fine, or both

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Any Magistrate

 

427 IPC

 

Mischief, and thereby causing damage to the amount of 50 rupees or upwards

 

Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Any Magistrate

 

428 IPC

 

Mischief of by killing, poisoning, maiming or rendering useless any animal of the value of 10 rupees or upwards

 

Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both

 

Cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Any Magistrate

 

429 IPC

 

Mischief by killing, poisoning, maiming or rendering useless any elephant, camel, horse, etc., whatever may be its value, or any other animal of the value of 50 rupees or upwards

 

Imprisonment for 5 years, or fine, or both

 

Cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Magistrate of the first class

 

430 IPC

 

Mischief by causing diminution of supply of water for agricultural purposes, etc

 

Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both

 

Cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Magistrate of the first class

 

431 IPC

 

Mischief by injury to public road, bridge, navigable river, or navigable channel, and rendering it impassable or less safe for traveling or conveying property

 

Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both

 

Cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Magistrate of the first class

 

432 IPC

 

Mischief by causing inundation or obstruction to public drainage attended with damage

 

Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both

 

Cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Magistrate of the first class

 

433 IPC

 

Mischief by destroying or moving or rendering less useful a light-house or sea-mark, or by exhibiting false lights

 

Imprisonment for 7 years, or fine, or both

 

Cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Magistrate of the first class

 

434 IPC

 

Mischief by destroying or moving, etc., a landmark fixed by public authority

 

Imprisonment for 1 year, or fine, or both

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Any Magistrate

 

435 IPC

 

Mischief by fire or explosive substance with intent to cause damage to an amount of 100 rupees or upwards, or, in case of agricultural produce, 10 rupees or upwards

 

Imprisonment for 7 years and fine

 

Cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Magistrate of the first class

 

436 IPC

 

Mischief by fire or explosive substance with intent to destroy a house, etc

 

Imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for 10 years and fine

 

Cognizable

 

Non-bailable

 

Court of Session

 

437 IPC

 

Mischief with intent to destroy or make unsafe a decked vessel or a vessel of 20 tonnes burden

 

Imprisonment for 10 years and fine

 

Cognizable

 

Non-bailable

 

Court of Session

 

438 IPC

 

The mischief described in the last section when committed by fire or any explosive substance

 

Imprisonment for life, or imprisonment for 10 years, and fine

 

Cognizable

 

Non-bailable

 

Court of Session

 

439 IPC

 

Running vessel ashore with intent to commit theft, etc

 

Imprisonment for 10 years and fine

 

Cognizable

 

Non-bailable

 

Court of Session

 

440 IPC

 

Mischief committed after preparation made for causing death, or hurt, etc

 

Imprisonment for 5 years and fine.

 

Cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Magistrate of the first class

 

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