What is false evidence and offences against public justice? Classification of offences under Section 193, 194, 195, 196, 197, 198, 199, 200, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206 and 207 of Indian Penal Code 1860

Offences of false evidences and offences against public justice under Section 193, 194, 195, 196, 197, 198, 199, 200, 201, 202, 203, 204, 205, 206 and 207 of Indian Penal Code 1860. Classification of offences relating to elections are:

 

 

 CHAPTER XI - FALSE EVIDENCE AND OFFENCES AGAINST PUBLIC JUSTICE

 

Section

 

Offence

 

Punishment

 

Cognizable or non-cognizable

 

Bailable or non-bailable

 

By what court triable

 

193 IPC

 

Giving or fabricating false evidence in a judicial proceeding.

 

Imprisonment for 7 years and fine.

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Magistrate of the first class.

   

Giving or fabricating false evidence in any other case.

 

Imprisonment for 3 years and fine.

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Any Magistrate.

 

194 IPC

 

Giving or fabricating false evidence with intent to cause any person to be convicted of a capital offence.

 

Imprisonment for life, or rigorous imprisonment for 10 years and fine.

 

Non-cognizable

 

 Non-bailable

 

Court of Session

   

If innocent person be thereby convicted and executed.

 

Death, or as above.

 

Non-cognizable

 

Non-bailable

 

Court of Session

 

195 IPC

 

Giving or fabricating false evidence with intent to procure conviction of an offence punishable with imprisonment for life or with imprisonment for 7 years or upwards.

 

The same as for the offences.

 

Non-cognizable

 

Non-bailable

 

Court of Session.

 

196 IPC

 

Using in a judicial proceeding evidence known to be false or fabricated.

 

The same as for giving or fabricating false evidence

 

Non-cognizable

 

According as offence of giving such evidence is bailable or non-bailable.

 

Court by which offence of giving or fabricating false evidence is triable.

 

197 IPC

 

Knowingly issuing or signing a false certificate relating to any fact of which such certificate is by law admissible in evidence.

 

The same as for giving or fabricating false evidence

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Court by which offence of giving false evidence is triable

 

198 IPC

 

Using as a true certificate one known to be false in a material point.

 

The same as for giving or fabricating false evidence

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Court by which offence of giving false evidence is triable

 

199 IPC

 

False statement made in any declaration which is by law receivable as evidence.

 

The same as for giving or fabricating false evidence

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Court by which offence of giving false evidence is triable

 

200 IPC

 

Using as true any such declaration known to be false.

 

The same as for giving or fabricating false evidence

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Court by which offence of giving false evidence is triable

 

201 IPC

 

Causing disappearance of evidence of an offence committed, giving false information touching it to screen the offender, if a capital offence.

 

Imprisonment for 7 years and fine.

 

According as the offence in relation to which disappearance of evidence is caused is cognizable or non-cognizable.

 

Bailable

 

Court of Session.

 

 

 

If punishable with imprisonment for life or imprisonment for 10 years.

 

Imprisonment for 3 years and fine.

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Magistrate of the first class.

   

If punishable with less than 10 years' imprisonment.

 

Imprisonment for a quarter of the longest term provided for the offence, or fine, or both.

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Court by which the offence is triable.

 

202 IPC

 

Intentional omission to give information of an offence by a person legally bound to inform.

 

Imprisonment for 6 months, or fine, or both.

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Any Magistrate

 

203 IPC

 

Giving false information respecting an offence committed.

 

Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Any Magistrate

 

204 IPC

 

Secreting or destroying any document to prevent its production as evidence.

 

Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Magistrate of the first class

 

205 IPC

 

False personation for the purpose of any act or proceeding in a suit or criminal prosecution, or for becoming bail or security.

 

Imprisonment for 3 years, or fine, or both.

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Magistrate of the first class

 

206 IPC

 

Fraudulent removal or concealment, etc., of property to prevent its seizure as a forfeiture, or in satisfaction, of a fine under sentence, or in execution of a decree.

 

Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both.

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Any Magistrate

 

207 IPC

 

Claiming property without right, or practicing deception touching any right to it, to prevent its being taken as a forfeiture, or in satisfaction of a fine under sentence, or in execution of a decree.

 

Imprisonment for 2 years, or fine, or both.

 

Non-cognizable

 

Bailable

 

Any Magistrate

 

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