Facts necessary to explain or introduce relevant facts is defined under Section
9 of Indian Evidence Act 1872.
this section is:
Section 9 of
"Facts necessary to explain or introduce relevant facts"
to explain or introduce a fact in issue or relevant fact, or
which support or rebut an inference suggested by a fact in
issue or relevant fact, or which establish the identity of
any thing or person whose identity is relevant, or fix the
time or place at which any fact issue or relevant fact
happened, or which show the relation of parties by whom any
such fact was transacted, are relevant in so far as they are
necessary for that purpose
(a) The question is, whether a given document is the will of
The state of A’s property and of his family at the date of
the alleged will may be relevant facts.
(b) A sues B for a libel imputing disgraceful conduct to A;
B affirms that the matter alleged to be libelous is true.
The position and relations of the parties at the time when
the libel was published may be relevant facts as
introductory to the facts in issue.
of a dispute between A and B about a matter unconnected with
the alleged libel are irrelevant though the fact that there
was a dispute may be relevant it is affected the relations
between A and B.
(c) A is
accused of a crime.
The fact that, soon after the commission of the crime, A
absconded from his house, is relevant, under section 8 as
conduct subsequent to and affected by facts in issue.
The fact that at the time when he left home he had sudden
and urgent business at the place to which he went is
relevant, as tending to explain the fact that he left home
The details of the business on which he left are not
relevant, except in so far as they are necessary to show
that the business was sudden and urgent.
(d) A sues B for inducing C to break a contract of service
made by him with A.C,on leaving A’s service, says to A—"I am
leaving you because B has made me a better offer" . This
statement is a relevant fact as explanatory of Co’s conduct,
which is relevant as a fact in issue.
(e) A accused of theft, is seen to give the stolen property
to B, who is seen to give it to A’s wife. B says as he
delivers it—"A says your are to hide this". B’s statement is
relevant as explanatory of a fact which is part of the
(f) A is tried for a riot and is proved to have marched at
the head of a mob. The cries of the mob are relevant as
explanatory of the nature of the transaction.
Interpretation clause? Section 3 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
May presume? Section 4 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
Evidence may be given of facts in issue and relevant facts? Section
5 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
Relevancy of facts forming part of same transaction? Section
6 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
Facts which are the occasion, cause or effect of facts in
issue? Section 7 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
Motive, preparation and previous or subsequent conduct? Section
8 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
What is Facts necessary to explain or introduce relevant
facts? Section 9 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
What is Things said or done by conspirator in reference to
common design? Section 10 of Indian Evidence Act 1872