Facts which, though not in issue, are so connected with a
fact in issue as to form part of the same transaction, are
relevant, whether they occurred at the same time and place
or at different times and places.
(a) A is accused of the murder of B by beating him. Whatever
was said or done by A or B or the by-standers at the
beating, or so shortly or after it as to form part of the
transaction, is a relevant fact.
(b) A is accused of waging war against the 11[ Government of
India] by taking part in an armed insurrection in which
property is destroyed troops are attacked and goals are
broken open. The occurrence of these facts is relevant, as
forming part of the general transaction, though A may not
have been present at all of them.
(c) A sues B for a libel contained in a letter forming part
of a correspondence. Letters between the parties relating to
the subject out of which the libel arose, and forming part
of the correspondence in which it is contained, are relevant
facts, though they do not contain the libel itself.
(d) The question is, whether certain goods ordered from B
were delivered to A. The goods were delivered to several
intermediate persons successively. Each delivery is a
What is Interpretation clause? Section 3 of Indian Evidence
What is May presume? Section 4 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
What is Evidence may be given of facts in issue and relevant
facts? Section 5 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
What is Relevancy of facts forming part of same transaction?
Section 6 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
What is Facts which are the occasion, cause or effect of
facts in issue? Section 7 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
Motive, preparation and previous or subsequent conduct?
Section 8 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
What is Facts necessary to explain or introduce relevant
facts? Section 9 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
What is Things said or done by conspirator in reference to
common design? Section 10 of Indian Evidence Act 1872