What is the meaning Facts admitted need not be proved? What is Proof of facts by oral evidence? Oral evidence must be direct Section 58, 59 and 60 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

Facts admitted need not be proved, Proof of facts by oral evidence and Oral evidence must be direct are defined under section 58, 59 and 60 of Indian Evidence Act 1872. Provisions under these sections are:

Section 58 of Evidence Act "Facts admitted need not be proved"

No fact need to be proved in any proceeding which the parties thereto or their agents agree to admit at the hearing, or which, before the hearing, they agree to admit by any writing under their hands, or which by any rule of pleading in force at the fine they are deemed to have admitted by their pleadings:

Provided that the Court may, in its discretion, require the facts admitted to be proved otherwise than by such admissions.

Section 59 of Evidence Act "Proof of facts by oral evidence"

All facts, except the [contents of documents or electronic records], may be proved by oral evidence.

Section 60 of Evidence Act "Oral evidence must be direct"

Oral evidence must, in all cases whatever, be direct; that is to say -

if it refers to a fact which could be seen, it must be the evidence of a witness who says who says he saw it;

if it refers to a fact which could be heard, it must be the evidence of a witness who says he heard it;
if it refers to a fact which could be perceived by any other sense or in any other manner, it must be the evidence of a witness who says he perceived it by that sense or in that manner;

if it refers to an opinion or to the grounds on which that opinion is held, it must be the evidence of the person who holds that opinion on those grounds:

Provided that the opinions of experts expressed in any treatise commonly offered for sale, and the grounds on which such opinions are held, may be proved by the production of such treatises if the author is dead or cannot be found, or has become incapable of giving evidence, or cannot be called as a witness without an amount of delay or expense which the Court regards as unreasonable:

Provided also that, if oral evidence refers to the existence to the existence or condition of any material thing other than a document, the Court may, if it thinks fit, require the production of such material thing for its inspection.

Indian Evidence Act 1872

What is the meaning - In civil cases character to prove conduct imputed, irrelevant In criminal cases previous good character relevant? Section 52 and 53 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

What is the meaning Previous bad character not relevant, except in reply? What is Character as affecting damages? Section 54 and 55 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

What is the meaning Fact Judicially noticeable need not be proved? What are the Facts of which Court must take judicial notice? Section 56 and 57 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

What is the meaning Facts admitted need not be proved? What is Proof of facts by oral evidence? Oral evidence must be direct Section 58, 59 and 60 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

What is Proof of contents of documents? What is Primary evidence? What is Secondary evidence? Section 61, 62 and 63 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

What is Proof of documents by primary evidence? What are Cases in which secondary evidence relating to documents may be given? Section 64 and 65 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

What is Special provisions as to evidence relating to electronic record? What is Admissibility of electronic records? Section 65A and 65B of Indian Evidence Act 1872

What is Rules as to notice to produce? What is Proof of signature and handwriting of person alleged to have signed or written document produced? Section 66 and 67 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

What is Proof as to digital signature? What is Proof of execution of document required by law to be attested? Section 67A and 68 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

What is Proof where no attesting witness found? What is admission of execution by party to attested document? Section 69 and 70 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

 

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