What is Admissions by persons whose position must be proved as against party to suit Admissions by persons expressly referred to by party to suit Section 19 and 20 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

Admissions by persons whose position must be proved as against party to suit and Admissions by persons expressly referred to by party to suit are defined under Section 19 and 20 of Indian Evidence Act 1872. Provisions under these sections are:

 

Section 19 of Evidence Act "Admissions by persons whose position must be proved as against party to suit"

Statements made by persons whose position or liability it is necessary to prove as against any party to the suit are admissions, if such statements would be relevant as against such persons in relation to such position or liability in a suit brought by or against them, and if they are made whilst the person making them occupies such position or is subject to such liability.


 

Illustration

A undertakes to collect rents for B.
B sues A for not collecting rent due from C to B.
A denies that rent was due from C to B.
A statement by C that he owned B rent is an admission, and is a relevant fact as against A, if A denies that C did owe rent to B.

 

Section 20 of Evidence Act "Admissions by persons expressly referred to by party to suit"

Statements made by persons to whom party to the suit has expressly referred for information in reference to a matter in dispute are admissions.
Illustration
The question is, whether a horse sold by A to B is sound.
A says to B- " Go and ask C, knows all about it" C's statement is an admission.

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