When there is a
question whether an act was accidental or intentional, 14[
or done with a particular knowledge or intention,] the fact
that such act formed part of a series of similar
occurrences, in each of which the person doing the act was
concerned, is relevant.
(a) A is accused of burning down his house in order to
obtain money for which it is insured.
The facts that a lived in several houses successively, each
of which he insured, in each of which a fire occurred, and
after each of which fires. A received payment from a
different insurance office, are relevant, as tending to show
that the fires were not accidental.
(b) A is employed to receive money from the debtors, of B.
It is A’s duty to make entries in a book showing the amounts
received by him. He makes an entry showing that on a
particular occasion he received less than he really did
The question is, whether this false entry was accidental or
The facts that other entries made by A in the same book are
false, and that the false entry is in each case in favor of
(c) A is accused of fraudulently delivering to B a
The question is, whether the delivery of the rupee was
The facts that, soon before or soon after the delivery to B,
A delivered counterfeit rupees to C, D and E are relevant,
as showing that the delivery to B was not accidental.
when facts not otherwise relevant become relevant? Section 11 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
In suits for damages, facts tending to enable Court to
determine amount are relevant? What is Facts relevant when
right or custom is in question? Section 12 and 13 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
Facts showing existence of state of mind, or of body or
bodily feeling? Section 14 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
Facts bearing on question whether act was accidental or
intentional? Section 15 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
Existence of course of business when relevant Admission
defined? Section 16 and 17 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
Admission- by party to proceeding or his agent? Section 18 of Indian Evidence Act 1872
Admissions by persons whose position must be proved as
against party to suit Admissions by persons expressly
referred to by party to suit? Section 19 and 20 of Indian Evidence Act 1872