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What is Cross–examination as to previous Statements in writing? What are Questions lawful in cross-examination? When witness to be compelled to answer? Section 145, 146 and 147 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

Cross–examination as to previous Statements in writing, Questions lawful in cross-examination and When witness to be compelled to answer are defined under section 145, 146 and 147 of Indian Evidence Act 1872. Provisions under these sections are:

Section 145 of Evidence Act "Cross–examination as to previous Statements in writing"

A witness may be cross- examined as to previous statements made by him in writing or reduced into writing or reduced into writing, and relevant to matters in question, without such writing being shown to him, or being proved; but, if it is intended to contradict him by the writing, his attention must, before the writing can be proved, be called to those parts of its which are to be used for the purpose of contradicting him.

Section 146 of Evidence Act "Questions lawful in cross-examination"

When a witness is cross-examined, he may, in addition to the questions herein before referred to be asked any questions which tend-

(1) to test his veracity.

(2) to discover who he is and what is his position in life, or

(3) to shake his credit, by injuring his character, although the answer to such questions might tend directly or indirectly to criminate him or might expose or tend directly or indirectly t expose him to a penalty or forfeiture.

Section 147 of Evidence Act "When witness to be compelled to answer"
If any such question relates to a matter relevant to the suit or proceeding, the provisions of section 132 shall apply thereto.

 

Indian Evidence Act 1872

When they must not be asked? When they may be asked? What is Evidence as to matters in writing? Section 142, 143 and 144 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

What is Cross–examination as to previous Statements in writing? What are Questions lawful in cross-examination? When witness to be compelled to answer? Section 145, 146 and 147 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

What is the meaning of Court to decide when question shall be asked and when witness compelled to answer? What is Question not to be asked without reasonable grounds? Section 148 and 149 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

What is Procedure of Court in case of question being asked without reasonable grounds? What is Indecent and scandalous questions? Section 150 and 151 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

What is questions intended to insult or annoy? What is Exclusion of evidence to contradict answers to questions testing veracity? Section 152 and 153 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

What is Question by party to his own witness? What is Impeaching credit of witness? What is Questions tending to corroborate evidence of relevant fact, admissible? Section 154, 155 and 156 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

What is Former statements of witness may be proved to corroborate later testimony as to same fact? What matters may be proved in connection with proved statement relevant under section 32 or 33? Section 157 and 158 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

What is Refreshing memory? What is Testimony to facts stated in document mentioned in section 159? Section 159 and 160 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

What is Right of adverse party as to writing used to refresh memory? What are Productions of documents? What is Giving, as evidence, of document called for and produced on notice? Section 161, 162 and 163 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

What is Using, as evidence, of document production of which was refused on notice? What is Judge’s power to put questions or order production? Section 164 and 165 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

What is Power of jury or assessors to put questions? What is the meaning of No new trial for improper admission or rejection or evidence? Section 166 and 167 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

 

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