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What is Production of documents or electronic records which another person, having possession, could refuse to produce? What is witness not excused from answering on ground that answer will criminate? Section 131 and 132 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

Production of documents or electronic records which another person, having possession, could refuse to produce and Witness not excused from answering on ground that answer will criminate are defined under section 131 and 132 of Indian Evidence Act 1872. Provisions under these sections are:

Section 131 of Evidence Act "Production of documents or electronic records which another person, having possession, could refuse to produce"

No one shall be compelled to produce documents in his possession or electronic records under his control, which any other person would be entitled to refuse to produce if they were in his possession or control, unless such last-mentioned person consents to their production.

Section 132 of Evidence Act "Witness not excused from answering on ground that answer will criminate"

A witness shall not be excused from answering any question as to any matter relevant to the matter in issue in any suit or in any civil or criminal proceeding, upon the ground that the answer to such question will criminate, or may tend directly or indirectly to criminate, such witness, or that it will expose, or tend directly or indirectly to expose, such witness to a penalty or forfeiture of any kind:

Proviso – Provided that no such answer, which a witness shall be compelled to give, shall subject him to any arrest or prosecution, or be proved against him in any criminal proceeding, except a prosecution for giving false evidence by such answer.

 

Indian Evidence Act 1872

Judges and Magistrates, Communications during marriage Section 121 and 122 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

What is evidence as to affairs of State? What is Official communications? What is Information as to commission of offences Section 123, 124 and 125 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

What is Professional communication? What is Section 126 to apply to interpreters etc? What is Privilege not waived by volunteering evidence? Section 126, 127 and 128 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

What is Confidential communications with legal advisers? What is Production of title-deeds of witness not a party? Section 129 and 130 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

What is Production of documents or electronic records which another person, having possession, could refuse to produce? What is witness not excused from answering on ground that answer will criminate? Section 131 and 132 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

What is Accomplice? What is Number of witnesses? What is Order of production and examination of witnesses? Section 133, 134 and 135 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

What is Judge to decide as to admissibility of evidence? Who is Examination in chief? What is Order of examinations? Section 136, 137 and 138 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

What is Cross–examination of person called to produce a document? What is Witnesses to character? What is Leading questions? Section 139, 140 and 141 of Indian Evidence Act 1872

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