Section 130 of Indian Companies Act 2013 "Re-opening of accounts on courts or Tribunals orders"
(1) A company shall not re-open its books of account and not recast its financial statements, unless an application in this regard is made by the Central Government, the Income-tax authorities, the Securities and Exchange Board, any other statutory regulatory body or authority or any person concerned and an order is made by a court of competent jurisdiction or the Tribunal to the effect that -
(i) the relevant earlier accounts were prepared in a fraudulent manner; or
(ii) the affairs of the company were mismanaged during the relevant period, casting a doubt on the reliability of financial statements:
Provided that the court or the Tribunal, as the case may be, shall give notice to the Central Government, the Income-tax authorities, the Securities and Exchange Board or any other statutory regulatory body or authority concerned and shall take into consideration the representations, if any, made by that Government or the authorities, Securities and Exchange Board or the body or authority concerned before passing any order under this section.
(2) Without prejudice to the provisions contained in this Act the accounts so revised or re-cast under sub-section (1) shall be final.
Section 131 of Indian Companies Act 2013 "Voluntary revision of financial statements or Boards report"
(1) If it appears to the directors of a company that -
(a) the financial statement of the company; or
(b) the report of the Board, do not comply with the provisions of section 129 or section 134 they may prepare revised financial statement or a revised report in respect of any of the three preceding financial years after obtaining approval of the Tribunal on an application made by the company in such form and manner as may be prescribed and a copy of the order passed by the Tribunal shall be filed with the Registrar:
Provided that the Tribunal shall give notice to the Central Government and the Income tax authorities and shall take into consideration the representations, if any, made by that Government or the authorities before passing any order under this section:
Provided further that such revised financial statement or report shall not be prepared or filed more than once in a financial year:
Provided also that the detailed reasons for revision of such financial statement or report shall also be disclosed in the Board's report in the relevant financial year in which such revision is being made.
(2) Where copies of the previous financial statement or report have been sent out to members or delivered to the Registrar or laid before the company in general meeting, the revisions must be confined to -
(a) the correction in respect of which the previous financial statement or report do not comply with the provisions of section 129 or section 134; and
(b) the making of any necessary consequential alternation.
(3) The Central Government may make rules as to the application of the provisions of this Act in relation to revised financial statement or a revised director's report and such rules may, in particular -
(a) make different provisions according to which the previous financial statement or report are replaced or are supplemented by a document indicating the corrections to be made;
(b) make provisions with respect to the functions of the company's auditor in relation to the revised financial statement or report;
(c) require the directors to take such steps as may be prescribed.
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