Procedure where accused does not understand proceedings and Power to proceed against other persons appearing to be guilty of offence are defined under Section 318 and 319 of CRPC 1973. Provisions under these sections are:
Section 318 of CRPC "Procedure where accused does not understand proceedings"
If the accused, though not of unsound mind, cannot be made to understand the proceedings, the court may proceed with the inquiry or trial; and, in the case of Court other than a High Court, if such proceedings result in a conviction, the proceedings shall be forwarded to the High court with a report of the circumstances of the case, and the High Court shall pass thereon such order as it thinks fit.
Section 319 of CRPC "Power to proceed against other persons appearing to be guilty of offence"
(1) Where, in the course of any inquiry into, or trial of an
offence, it appears from the evidence that any person not
being the accused has committed any offence for which such
person could be tried together with the accused, the Court
may proceed against such person for the offence which he
appears to have committed.
(2) Where such person is not attending the Court, he may be arrested or summoned, as the circumstances of the case may require, for the purpose aforesaid.
(3) Any person attending the Court, although not under arrest or upon a summons, may be detained by such Court for the purpose of the inquiry into, or trial or, the offence which he appears to have committed.
(4) Where the Court proceeds against any person under sub-section (1), then-
(a) the proceedings in respect of such person shall be commenced afresh, and the witnesses reheard;
(b) subject to the provisions of clause (a), the case may proceed as if such person had been an
accused person when the Court took cognizance of the offence upon which the inquiry or trial was commenced.
GENERAL PROVISIONS AS TO INQUIRIES AND TRIALS
What are the Rights of person against whom proceedings instituted to be defended? What is Legal aid to accused at State expense in certain cases? Section 303 and 304 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973
What is Local Inspection? What is power to summon material witness, or examine Person? What is present Expenses of complainants and witnesses? Section 310, 311 and 312 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973
What is the meaning of accused person to be competent witness? What is the meaning of no Influence to be used to induce disclosure? What is the Provision for inquiries and trial being held in the absence of accused in certain cases? Section 315, 316 and 317 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973
What is the Procedure where accused does not understand proceedings? What is Power to proceed against other persons appearing to be guilty of offence? Section 318 and 319 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973