What is Language of Courts? Evidence to be taken in presence of accused What is Record in summons-cases and inquiries? What is Record in warrant-cases?. Section 272, 273, 274 and 276 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

Language of Courts, Evidence to be taken in presence of accused, Record in summons-cases and inquiries Record in warrant-cases are defined under Section 272, 273, 274 and 275 of CRPC 1973. Provisions under this section is:

 

Section 272 of CRPC "Language of Courts"

The State Government may determine what shall be, for purposes of this Code, the language of each Court within the State other than the High Court.

 

 

 

Section 273 of CRPC "Evidence to be taken in presence of accused"

Except as otherwise expressly provided, all evidence taken in the course of the trial or other proceeding shall be taken in the presence of the accused, or, when his personal attendance is dispensed with, in presence of his pleader.

Explanation - In this Section, "accused" includes a person in relation to whom any proceeding under Chapter VIII has been commenced under this Code.


Section 274 of CRPC "Record in summons-cases and inquiries"

(1) In all summons-cases tried before a Magistrate, in all inquiries under Sections 145 to 148 (both inclusive), and in all proceedings under Section 446 otherwise than in the course of a trial, the Magistrate shall, as the examination of each witness proceeds, make a memorandum of the substance of his evidence in the language of the Court:

Provided that if the Magistrate is unable to make such memorandum himself, he shall, after recording the reason of his inability, cause such memorandum to be made in writing or from his dictation in open Court.

(2) Such memorandum shall be signed by the Magistrate and shall form part of the record.

 

Section 275 of CRPC "Record in warrant-cases"

(1) In all warrant-cases tried before a Magistrate, the evidence of each witness shall, as his examination proceeds, be taken down in writing either by the Magistrate himself or by his dictation in open Court or, where he is unable to do so owing to a physical or other incapacity, under his direction and superintendence, by an officer of the Court appointed by him in this behalf.

(2) Where the Magistrate causes the evidence to he taken down, he shall record a certificate that the evidence could not be taken down by himself for the reasons referred to in sub-section (1).

(3) Such evidence shall ordinarily be taken down in the form of a narrative; but the Magistrate may, in his discretion take down or cause to be taken down, any part of such evidence in the form of question and answer.

(4) The evidence so taken down shall be signed by the Magistrate and shall form part of the record.

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