Section 244 of CRPC "Evidence for prosecution"
(1) When, in any warrant-case instituted
otherwise than on a police report, the accused
appears or is brought before a Magistrate, the
Magistrate shall proceed to hear the prosecution and
take all such evidence as may be produced in support
of the prosecution.
(2) The Magistrate may, on the application of the prosecution, issue a summons to any of its witnesses directing him to attend or to produce any document or other thing.
Section 245 of CRPC "When accused shall be discharged"
(1) If, upon taking all the evidence referred to
in section 244, the Magistrate considers, for
reasons to be recorded, that no case against the
accused has been made out which, if unrebutted,
would warrant his conviction, the Magistrate shall
(2) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to prevent a Magistrate from discharging the accused at any previous stage of the case if, for reasons to be recorded by such Magistrate, he considers the charge to be groundless.
Section 246 of CRPC "Procedure where accused
is not discharged"
(1) If, when such evidence has been taken, or at any previous stage of the case, the Magistrate is of opinion that there is ground for presuming that the accused has committed an offence triable under this Chapter, which such Magistrate is competent to try and which, in his opinion, could be adequately punished by him, he shall frame in writing a charge against the accused.
(2) The charge shall then be read and explained to the accused, and he shall be asked whether he pleads guilty or has any defence to make.
(3) If the accused pleads guilty, the Magistrate shall record the plea, and may, in his discretion, convict him thereon.
(4) If the accused refuses to plead, or does not plead or claims to be tried or if the accused is not convicted under sub-section (3), he shall be required to state, at the commencement of the next hearing of the case, or, if the Magistrate for reasons to be recorded in writing so thinks fit, forthwith, whether he wishes to cross-examine any, and, if so, which, of the witnesses for the prosecution whose evidence has been taken.
(5) If he says he does so wish, the witnesses named by him shall be recalled and, after cross-examination and re-examination (if any), they shall be discharged.
(6) The evidence of any remaining witnesses for the prosecution shall next be taken, and after cross-examination and re-examination (if any), they shall also be discharged.
Section 247 of CRPC "Evidence for defence"
The accused shall then be called upon to enter upon his defence and produce his evidence; and the provisions of section 243 shall apply to the case.
TRIAL BEFORE A COURT OF SESSION
RIAL BEFORE A COURT OF SESSION
What is Entering upon defence? What is Arguments in Criminal Case? What is Judgment of acquittal of conviction? What is the effect of Previous conviction? Section 233, 234, 235 and 236 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973
What is Compliance with section 207? When accused shall be discharged? What is Framing of charge? What is Conviction on plea of guilty? Section 238, 239, 240 and 241 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973
Cases instituted otherwise than on police report
What is Evidence for prosecution? When accused shall be discharged? What is the procedure when Procedure where accused is not discharged? What is Evidence for Defence? Section 244, 245, 246 and 247 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973
Conclusion of trial