Section 223 of CRPC "What persons may be charged jointly"
The following persons may be charged and tried
(a) persons accused of the same offence committed in the course of the same transaction;
(b) persons accused of an offence and persons accused of abetment of, or attempt to commit, such offence;
(c) persons accused of more than one offence of the same kind, within the meaning of section 219 committed by them jointly within the period of twelve months;
(d) persons accused of different offences committed in the course of the same transaction;
(e) persons accused of an offence which includes theft, extortion, cheating, or criminal misappropriation, and persons accused of receiving or retaining, or assisting in the disposal or concealment of, property possession of which is alleged to have been transferred by any such offence committed by the first-named persons, or of abetment of or attempting to commit any such last-named offence;
(f) persons accused of offences under sections
411 and 414 of the Indian Penal Code(45 of 1860) or
either of those sections in respect of stolen
property the possession of which has been
transferred by one offence;
(g) Persons accused of any offence under Chapter XII of the Indian Penal Code(45 of1860) relating to counterfeit coin and persons accused of any other offence under the said Chapter relating to the same coin, or of abetment of or attempting to commit any such offence; and the provisions contained in the former part of this Chapter shall, so far as may be, apply to all such charges:
Provided that where a number of persons are charged with separate offences and such persons do not fall within any of the categories specified in this section, the Magistrate may, if such persons by an application in writing, so desire, and if he is satisfied that such persons would not be prejudicially affected thereby, and it is expedient so to do, try all such persons together.
Section 224 of CRPC "Withdrawal of remaining
charges on conviction on one of several charges"
When a charge containing more heads than one is framed against the same person, and when a conviction has been had on one or more of them, the complainant, or the officer conducting the prosecution, may, with the consent of the Court, withdraw the remaining charge or charges, or the Court of its own accord may stay the inquiry into, or trial of, such charge or charges and such withdrawal shall have the effect of an acquittal on such charge or charges, unless the conviction be set aside, in which case the said Court (subject to the order of the Court setting aside the conviction) may proceed with the inquiry into, or trial of, the charge of charges so withdrawn.
CHARGE - FORM OF CHARGES
Words in charge taken in sense of law under which offence is punishable, What are the Effect of errors, What is the meaning of Court may alter charge? What is Recall of witnesses when charge altered? Section 214, 215, 216 and 217 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973
JOINDER OF CHARGES