What is Police officers power to investigate cognizable case? Procedure for investigation? Report how submitted? Power to hold investigation or preliminary inquiry? Section 156, 157, 158 and 159 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

 

 

Police officers power to investigate, cognizable case, Procedure for investigation, Report how submitted and Power to hold investigation or preliminary inquiry are defined under Section 156, 157, 158 and 159 of CRPC 1973. Provisions under these sections are:

 

 Section 156 of CRPC "Police officers power to investigate cognizable case"

(1) Any officer in charge of a police station may, without the order of a Magistrate, investigate any cognizable case which a Court having jurisdiction over the local area within the limits of such station would have power to inquire into or try under the provisions of Chapter XIII.

(2) No proceeding of a police officer in any such case shall at any stage be called in question on the ground that the case was one which such officer was not empowered under this section to investigate.

(3) Any Magistrate empowered under section 190 may order such an investigation as above-mentioned.

Section 157 of CRPC "Procedure for investigation"
(1) If, from information received or otherwise, an officer in charge of a police station has reason to suspect the commission of an offence which he is empowered under section 156 to investigate, he shall forthwith send a report of the same to a Magistrate empowered to take cognizance of such offence upon a police report and shall proceed in person, or shall depute one of his subordinate officers not being below such rank as the State Government may, by general or special order, prescribe in this behalf, to proceed, to the spot, to investigate the facts and circumstances of the case, and, if necessary, to take measures for the discovery and arrest of the offender:

Provided that-

(a) when information as to the commission of any such offence is given against any person by name and the case is not of a serious nature, the officer in charge of a police station need not proceed in person or depute a subordinate officer to make an investigation on the spot;

(b) if it appears to the officer in charge of a police station that there is no sufficient ground for entering on an investigation, he shall not investigate the case.

(2) In each of the cases mentioned in clauses (a) and (b) of the proviso to sub-section (1), the officer in charge of the police station shall state in his report his reasons for not fully complying with the requirements of that sub-section, and, in the case mentioned in clause (b) of the said proviso, the officer shall also forthwith notify to the informant, if any, in such manner as may be prescribed by the State Government, the fact that he will not investigate the case or cause it to be investigated.

Section 158 of CRPC "Report how submitted"

(1) Every report sent to a Magistrate under section 157 shall, if the State Government so directs, be submitted through such superior officer of police as the State Government, by general or special order, appoints in that behalf.

(2) Such superior officer may give such instructions to the officer in charge of the police station as he thinks fit, and shall, after recording such instructions on such report, transmit the same without delay to the Magistrate.

Section 159 of CRPC "Power to hold investigation or preliminary inquiry"

Such Magistrate, on receiving such report, may direct an investigation, or, if he thinks fit, at once proceed, or depute any Magistrate subordinate to him to proceed, to hold a preliminary inquiry into, or otherwise to dispose of, the case in the manner provided in this Code.

INFORMATION TO THE POLICE AND THEIR POWERS TO INVESTIGATE

What is Information in cognizable cases? What is Information as to non-cognizable cases and investigation of such cases? Section 154 and 155 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

What is Police officers power to investigate cognizable case? Procedure for investigation? Report how submitted? Power to hold investigation or preliminary inquiry? Section 156, 157, 158 and 159 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

Section 160 of Code of Criminal Procedure What is Police Officer's Power to summon witnesses under?.  What are the conditions to issue Summon under section 160 of CRPC? What is the punishment for non Compliance of Summon Section 160 Summon?

Section 161 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1073 What is Examination of Witness by Police?.  What are the conditions for examinations of Witnesses by Police?

Section 162 of Code of Criminal Procedure Is statement to Police to be signed?. Statements of Police not to be signed

What is the meaning of No inducement to be offered? What is the procedure for Recording of confessions and statements? Section 163 and 164 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

What is the meaning of No inducement to be offered? What is the procedure for Recording of confessions and statements? Section 163 and 164 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

What is Search by police officer? When officer in charge of police station may require another to issue search warrant? Section 165 and 166 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

What is Procedure when investigation cannot be completed in twenty four hours? Section 167 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

What is Report of investigation by subordinate police officer? What is Release of accused when evidence deficient? What are the Cases to be sent to Magistrate when evidence is sufficient? Section 168, 169 and 170 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

Complainant and witnesses not to be required to accompany police officer and not to be subjected to restraint. What is Diary of proceedings in investigation? Section 171 and 172 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

What is Report of police officer on completion of investigation? Section 173 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

Police to enquire and report on suicide, etc? Section 174 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

What is Power to summon persons? What is Inquiry by Magistrate into cause of death? Section 175 and 176 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

 
 

Home     About Us     Privacy Policy     Disclaimer    Contact Us  Sitemap