What is Information in cognizable cases? What is Information as to non-cognizable cases and investigation of such cases? Section 154 and 155 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

 

 

Information in cognizable cases Information as to non-cognizable cases and investigation of such cases are defined under Section 154 and 155 of CRPC 1973. Provisions under these sections are:

 

 Section 154 of CRPC "Information in cognizable cases"

(1) Every information relating to the commission of a cognizable offence, if given orally to an officer in charge of a police station, shall be reduced to writing by him or under his direction, and be read over to the informant; and every such information, whether given in writing or reduced to writing as aforesaid, shall be signed by the person giving it, and the substance thereof shall be entered in a book to be kept by such officer in such form as the State Government may prescribe in this behalf.

(2) A copy of the information as recorded under sub-section (1) shall be given forthwith, free of cost, to the informant.

(3) Any person aggrieved by a refusal on the part of an officer in charge of a police station to record the information referred to in sub-section (1) may send the substance of such information, in writing and by post, to the Superintendent of Police concerned who, if satisfied that such information discloses the commission of a cognizable offence, shall either investigate the case himself or direct an investigation to be made by any police officer subordinate to him, in the manner provided by this Code, and such officer shall have all the powers of an officer in charge of the police station in relation to that offence.

Section 155 of CRPC "Information as to non-cognizable cases and investigation of such cases"
(1) When information is given to an officer in charge of a police station of the commission within the limits of such station of a non-cognizable offence, he shall enter or cause to be entered the substance of the information in a book to be kept by such officer in such form as the State Government may prescribe in this behalf, and refer the informant to the Magistrate.

(2) No police officer shall investigate a non-cognizable case without the order of a Magistrate having power to try such case or commit the case for trial.

(3) Any police officer receiving such order may exercise the same powers in respect of the investigation (except the power to arrest without warrant) as an officer in charge of a police station may exercise in a cognizable case.

(4) Where a case relates to two or more offences of which at least one is cognizable, the case shall be deemed to be a cognizable case, not-withstanding that the other offences are non-cognizable.

INFORMATION TO THE POLICE AND THEIR POWERS TO INVESTIGATE

What is Information in cognizable cases? What is Information as to non-cognizable cases and investigation of such cases? Section 154 and 155 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

What is Police officers power to investigate cognizable case? Procedure for investigation? Report how submitted? Power to hold investigation or preliminary inquiry? Section 156, 157, 158 and 159 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

Section 160 of Code of Criminal Procedure What is Police Officer's Power to summon witnesses under?.  What are the conditions to issue Summon under section 160 of CRPC? What is the punishment for non Compliance of Summon Section 160 Summon?

Section 161 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1073 What is Examination of Witness by Police?.  What are the conditions for examinations of Witnesses by Police?

Section 162 of Code of Criminal Procedure Is statement to Police to be signed?. Statements of Police not to be signed

What is the meaning of No inducement to be offered? What is the procedure for Recording of confessions and statements? Section 163 and 164 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

What is the meaning of No inducement to be offered? What is the procedure for Recording of confessions and statements? Section 163 and 164 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

What is Search by police officer? When officer in charge of police station may require another to issue search warrant? Section 165 and 166 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

What is Procedure when investigation cannot be completed in twenty four hours? Section 167 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

What is Report of investigation by subordinate police officer? What is Release of accused when evidence deficient? What are the Cases to be sent to Magistrate when evidence is sufficient? Section 168, 169 and 170 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

Complainant and witnesses not to be required to accompany police officer and not to be subjected to restraint. What is Diary of proceedings in investigation? Section 171 and 172 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

What is Report of police officer on completion of investigation? Section 173 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

Police to enquire and report on suicide, etc? Section 174 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

What is Power to summon persons? What is Inquiry by Magistrate into cause of death? Section 175 and 176 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

 
 

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