What is Information in cognizable cases? What is Information
as to non-cognizable cases and investigation of such cases?
Section 154 and 155 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973
Information in cognizable cases Information as to
non-cognizable cases and investigation of such cases are defined
under Section 154 and 155 of CRPC 1973. Provisions under these
Section 154 of CRPC "Information in cognizable cases"
(1) Every information relating to the commission of a cognizable
offence, if given orally to an officer in charge of a police
station, shall be reduced to writing by him or under his
direction, and be read over to the informant; and every such
information, whether given in writing or reduced to writing as
aforesaid, shall be signed by the person giving it, and the
substance thereof shall be entered in a book to be kept by such
officer in such form as the State Government may prescribe in
(2) A copy of the information as recorded under sub-section (1)
shall be given forthwith, free of cost, to the informant.
(3) Any person aggrieved by a refusal on the part of an
officer in charge of a police station to record the information
referred to in sub-section (1) may send the substance of such
information, in writing and by post, to the Superintendent of
Police concerned who, if satisfied that such information
discloses the commission of a cognizable offence, shall either
investigate the case himself or direct an investigation to be
made by any police officer subordinate to him, in the manner
provided by this Code, and such officer shall have all the
powers of an officer in charge of the police station in relation
to that offence.
Section 155 of CRPC "Information as to non-cognizable
cases and investigation of such cases"
(1) When information is given to an officer in charge of a
police station of the commission within the limits of such
station of a non-cognizable offence, he shall enter or cause to
be entered the substance of the information in a book to be kept
by such officer in such form as the State Government may
prescribe in this behalf, and refer the informant to the
(2) No police officer shall investigate a non-cognizable case
without the order of a Magistrate having power to try such case
or commit the case for trial.
(3) Any police officer receiving such order may exercise the
same powers in respect of the investigation (except the power to
arrest without warrant) as an officer in charge of a police
station may exercise in a cognizable case.
(4) Where a case relates to two or more offences of which at
least one is cognizable, the case shall be deemed to be a
cognizable case, not-withstanding that the other offences are