What is Power to attach subject of dispute and to appoint receiver? What is Dispute concerning right of use of land or water? What is Local inquiry? Section 145 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

 

 

Power to attach subject of dispute and to appoint receiver, Dispute concerning right of use of land or water and Local inquiry are defined under Section 146, 147 and 148 of CRPC 1973. Provisions under this section is:

 

 Section 146 of CRPC "Power to attach subject of dispute and to appoint receiver"

(1) If the Magistrate at any time after making the order under sub-section (1) of section 145 considers the case to be one of emergency, or if he decides that none of the parties was then in such possession as is referred to in section 145, or if he is unable to satisfy himself as to which of them was then in such possession of the subject of dispute, he may attach the subject of dispute until a competent Court has determined the rights of the parties thereto with regard to the person entitled to the possession thereof:

Provided that such Magistrate may withdraw the attachment at any time if he is satisfied that there is no longer any likelihood of breach of the peace with regard to the subject of dispute.

(2) When the Magistrate attaches the subject of dispute, he may, if no receiver in relation to such subject of dispute has been appointed by any Civil Court, make such arrangements as he considers proper for looking after the property or if he thinks fit, appoint a receiver thereof, who shall have, subject to the control of the Magistrate, all the powers of a receiver appointed under the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908:

Provided that in the event of a receiver being subsequently appointed in relation to the subject of dispute by any Civil Court, the Magistrate-

(a) shall order the receiver appointed by him to hand over the possession of the subject of dispute to the receiver appointed by the Civil Court and shall thereafter discharge the receiver appointed by him;

(b) may make such other incidental or consequential orders as may be just.

Section 147 of CRPC "Dispute concerning right of use of land or water"

(1) Whenever an Executive Magistrate is satisfied from the report of a police officer or upon other information, that a dispute likely to cause a breach of the peace exists regarding any alleged right of user of any land or water within his local jurisdiction, whether such right be claimed as an easement or otherwise, he shall make an order in writing, stating the grounds of his being so satisfied and requiring the parties concerned in such dispute to attend his Court in person or by pleader on a specified date and time and to put in written statements of their respective claims.

Explanation.- The expression "land or water" has the meaning given to it in sub-section (2) of section 145.

(2) The Magistrate shall then peruse the statements so put in, hear the parties, receive all such evidence as may be produced by them respectively, consider the effect of such evidence, take such further evidence, if any, as he thinks necessary and, if possible, decide whether such right exists; and the provisions of section 145 shall, so far as may be, apply in the case of such inquiry.

(3) If it appears to such Magistrate that such rights exist, he may make an order prohibiting any interference with the exercise of such right, including, in a proper case, an order for the removal of any obstruction in the exercise of any such right:

Provided that no such order shall be made where the right is exercisable at all times of the year, unless such right has been exercised within three months next before the receipt under sub-section (1) of the report of a police officer or other information leading to the institution of the inquiry, or where the right is exercisable only at particular seasons or on particular occasions, unless the right has been exercised during the last of such seasons or on the last of such occasions before such receipt.

(4) When in any proceedings commenced under sub-section (1) of section 145 the Magistrate finds that the dispute is as regards an alleged right of user of land or water, he may, after recording his reasons, continue with the proceedings as if they had been commenced under sub-section (1);

and when in any proceedings commenced under sub-section (1) the magistrate finds that the dispute should be dealt with under section 145, he may, after recording his reasons, continue with the proceedings as if they had been commenced under sub-section (1) of section 145.

Section 148 of CRPC "Local inquiry"

(1) Whenever a local inquiry is necessary for the purposes of section 145, section 146 or section 147, a District Magistrate or Sub-divisional Magistrate may depute any Magistrate subordinate to him to make the inquiry, and may furnish him with such written instructions as may seem necessary for his guidance, and may declare by whom the whole or any part of the necessary expenses of the inquiry shall be paid.

(2) The report of the person so deputed may be read as evidence in the case.

(3) When any costs have been incurred by any party to a proceeding under section 145, section 146 or section 147, the Magistrate passing a decision may direct by whom such costs shall be paid, whether by such party or by any other party to the proceeding, and whether in whole or in part or proportion and such costs may include any expenses incurred in respect of witnesses and of pleaders' fees, which the Court may consider reasonable.

DISPUTES AS TO IMMOVABLE PROPERTY

What is Procedure where dispute concerning land or water is likely to cause breach of peace? Section 145 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

What is Power to attach subject of dispute and to appoint receiver? What is Dispute concerning right of use of land or water? What is Local inquiry? Section 145 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

PREVENTIVE ACTION OF THE POLICE

What is Police to prevent cognizable offences? What is information of design to commit cognizable offences? What is arrest to prevent the commission of cognizable offences? Section 149, 150 and 151 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

What is prevention of injury to public property? Inspection of weights and measures? Section 152 and 153 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

INFORMATION TO THE POLICE AND THEIR POWERS TO INVESTIGATE

What is Information in cognizable cases? What is Information as to non-cognizable cases and investigation of such cases? Section 154 and 155 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

What is Police officers power to investigate cognizable case? Procedure for investigation? Report how submitted? Power to hold investigation or preliminary inquiry? Section 156, 157, 158 and 159 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

Section 160 of Code of Criminal Procedure What is Police Officer's Power to summon witnesses under?.  What are the conditions to issue Summon under section 160 of CRPC? What is the punishment for non Compliance of Summon Section 160 Summon?

Section 161 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1073 What is Examination of Witness by Police?.  What are the conditions for examinations of Witnesses by Police?

Section 162 of Code of Criminal Procedure Is statement to Police to be signed?. Statements of Police not to be signed

 
 

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