What is Procedure where dispute concerning land or water is likely to cause breach of peace? Section 145 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

 

 

Procedure where dispute concerning land or water is likely to cause breach of peace is defined under Section 145 of CRPC 1973. Provisions under this section is:

 

 Section 145 of CRPC "Procedure where dispute concerning land or water is likely to cause breach of peace"

(1) Whenever an Executive Magistrate is satisfied from a report of a police or upon other information that a dispute likely to cause a breach of the peace exists concerning any land or water or the boundaries thereof, within his local jurisdiction, he shall make an order in writing, stating the grounds of his being so satisfied, and requiring the parties concerned in such dispute to attend his Court in person or by pleader on a specified date and time, and to put in written statements of their respective claims as respects the fact of actual possession of the subject of dispute.

(2) For the purposes of this section, the expression "land or water" includes buildings, markets, fisheries, crops or other produce of land, and the rents or profits of any such property.

(3) A copy of the order shall be served in the manner provided by this Code for the service of a summons upon such person or persons as the Magistrate may direct, and at least one copy shall be published by being affixed to some conspicuous place at or near the subject of dispute.

(4) The Magistrate shall then, without reference to the merits or the claims of any of the parties to a right to possess the subject of dispute, peruse the statements so put in, hear the parties, receive all such evidence as may be produced by them, take such further evidence, if any, as he thinks necessary, and, if possible, decide whether any and which of the parties was, at the date of the order made by him under sub-section (1), in possession of the subject of dispute:

Provided that if it appears to the Magistrate that any party has been forcibly and wrongfully dispossessed within two months next before the date on which the report of a police officer or other information was received by the Magistrate, or after that date and before the date of his order under sub-section (1), he may treat the party so dispossessed as if that party had been in possession on the date of his order under sub-section (1).

(5) Nothing in this section shall preclude any party so required to attend, or any other person interested, from showing that no such dispute as aforesaid exists or has existed; and in such case the Magistrate shall cancel his said order, and all further proceedings thereon shall be stayed, but, subject to such cancellation, the order of the Magistrate under sub-section (1) shall be final.

(6) (a) If the Magistrate decides that one of the parties was, or should under the proviso to sub-section (4) be treated as being, in such possession of the said subject, he shall issue an order declaring such party to be entitled to possession thereof until evicted therefrom in due course of law, and forbidding all disturbance of such possession until such eviction; and when he proceeds under the proviso to sub-section (4), may restore to possession the party forcibly and wrongfully dispossessed.

(b) The order made under this sub-section shall be served and published in the manner laid down in sub-section (3).

(7) When any party to any such proceeding dies, the Magistrate may cause the legal representative of the deceased party to be made a party to the proceeding and shall thereupon continue the inquiry, and if any question arises as to who the legal representative of a deceased party for the purposes of such proceeding is, all persons claiming to be representatives of the deceased party shall be made parties thereto.

(8) If the Magistrate is of opinion that any crop or other produce of the property, the subject of dispute in a proceeding under this section pending before him, is subject to speedy and natural decay, he may make an order for the proper custody or sale of such property, and, upon the completion of the inquiry, shall make such order for the disposal of such property, or the sale-proceeds thereof, as he thinks fit.

(9) The Magistrate may, if he thinks fit, at any stage of the proceedings under this section, on the application of either party, issue a summons to any witness directing him to attend or to produce any document or thing.

(10) Nothing in this section shall be deemed to be in derogation of the powers of the Magistrate to proceed under section 107.

DISPUTES AS TO IMMOVABLE PROPERTY

What is Procedure where dispute concerning land or water is likely to cause breach of peace? Section 145 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

What is Power to attach subject of dispute and to appoint receiver? What is Dispute concerning right of use of land or water? What is Local inquiry? Section 145 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

PREVENTIVE ACTION OF THE POLICE

What is Police to prevent cognizable offences? What is information of design to commit cognizable offences? What is arrest to prevent the commission of cognizable offences? Section 149, 150 and 151 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

What is prevention of injury to public property? Inspection of weights and measures? Section 152 and 153 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

INFORMATION TO THE POLICE AND THEIR POWERS TO INVESTIGATE

What is Information in cognizable cases? What is Information as to non-cognizable cases and investigation of such cases? Section 154 and 155 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

What is Police officers power to investigate cognizable case? Procedure for investigation? Report how submitted? Power to hold investigation or preliminary inquiry? Section 156, 157, 158 and 159 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1973

Section 160 of Code of Criminal Procedure What is Police Officer's Power to summon witnesses under?.  What are the conditions to issue Summon under section 160 of CRPC? What is the punishment for non Compliance of Summon Section 160 Summon?

Section 161 of Code of Criminal Procedure 1073 What is Examination of Witness by Police?.  What are the conditions for examinations of Witnesses by Police?

Section 162 of Code of Criminal Procedure Is statement to Police to be signed?. Statements of Police not to be signed

 
 

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