What is Power of certain armed force officers to disperse
assembly? What is Protection against prosecution for acts done
under preceding sections? Section 131 and 132 of Code of
Criminal Procedure 1973
Power of certain armed force officers to disperse assembly
and Protection against prosecution for acts done under preceding
are defined under Section 131 and 132 of CRPC 1973. Provisions
under these sections are:
Section 131 of CRPC "Power of certain armed force officers
to disperse assembly"
When the public security is manifestly endangered by any such
assembly and no Executive Magistrate can be communicated with,
any commissioned or gazetted officer of the armed forces may
disperse such assembly with the help of the armed forces under
his command, and may arrest and confine any persons forming part
of it, in order to disperse such assembly or that they may be
punished according to law; but if, while he is acting under this
section, it becomes practicable for him to communicate with an
Executive Magistrate, he shall do so, and shall thenceforward
obey the instructions of the Magistrate, as to whether he shall
or shall not continue such action.
Section 132 of CRPC "Protection against prosecution for acts
done under preceding sections"
(1)No prosecution against any person for any act purporting to
be done under section 129, section 130 or section 131 shall be
instituted in any Criminal Court except -
(a) with the sanction of the Central Government where such
person is an officer or member of the armed forces;
(b) with the sanction of the State Government in any other case.
(2) (a) No Executive Magistrate or police officer acting
under any of the said sections in good faith;
(b) no person doing any act in good faith in compliance with a
requisition under section 129 or section 130;
(c) no officer of the armed forces acting under section 131 in
(d) no member of the armed forces doing any act in obedience to
any order which he was bound to obey,
shall be deed to have thereby committed an offence.
(3) In this section and in the preceding sections of this
(a) the expression "armed forces" means the military, naval and
air forces, operating as land forces and includes any other
Armed Forces of the Union so operating;
(b) "officer", in relation to the armed forces, means a person
commissioned, gazetted or in pay as an officer of the armed
forces and includes a junior commissioned officer, a warrant
officer, a petty officer, a non-commissioned officer and a
(c) "member", in relation to the armed forces, means a person in
the armed forces other than an officer.